CS-v4 LTc6: Bicycle facilities

  • What good are bicycle facilities if no one uses them?

    Bikers need wheel benders like a fish needs a bike lock. In LEED v4, bike rack quality is a requirement. |Photo Credit – forkergirl, via Flickr, Creative Commons LicenseBikers need wheel benders like a fish needs a bike lock. In LEED v4, bike rack quality is a requirement. Photo Credit – forkergirl, via Flickr, Creative Commons LicenseThat question has been asked under past versions of LEED, and LEED v4 provides an answer. If you're pursuing this credit, plan not only to provide bike storage and changing facilities, but also to ensure that the project is connected to a "bicycle network"—bicycle trails or lanes that connect, within three miles bicycling distance, to at least 10 diverse uses, a school of employment center, or a transit stop.

    New math, new storage types

    LEED v4 has rewritten the calculations used to determine the number of bike racks and changing facilities required for projects, and introduced the concepts of short- and long-term bike parking.

    Short-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any main entrance. Long-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any functional entryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians.. That allows LEED v4 to provide finer-tuned requirements, as follows.

    Case 1: Commercial or Institutional Projects

    Whereas LEED 2009 required storage for 5% of all users measured at peak periods, LEED v4 requires only 2.5% coverage with short-term bike parking, while requiring 5% coverage for regular building occupants with long-term parking. In each case, a minimum of four spaces must be provided on all projects.

    Rather than requiring changing facilities for 0.5% of full-time equivalentFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 40 hours per week in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per week divided by 40. Multiple shifts are included or excluded depending on the intent and requirements of the credit. (FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE.

    Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix.

    All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories.
    ) occupants, as in LEED 2009, LEED v4 requires one onsite shower with changing facility  for the first 100 occupants (a 1% rate), and then another for each additional 150 occupants (a 0.7% rate).

    Case 2: Residential Projects

    Residential projects must provide short-term bicycle storage for at least 2.5% of all peak visitors, and provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 30% of all regular building occupants. There are also minimums: four short-term spaces, and one long-term space per residential unit.

    This contrasts with the LEED 2009 requirement of covered storage for 15% of building occupants.

    Quality of bike storage gets its due

    LEED v4 requirements also address the quality of the bike storage itself.

    Bicyclists know that all bike racks are not created equal. Beware of “wheel bender” bike racks and other types of bike racks that neither keep the bike supported nor secure the bike effectively. For LEED, bike racks should "reflect best practices in design and installation," according to the LEED Reference Guide.

    That typically means supporting the bicycle in at least two places to keep it from falling over, and allowing the owner to lock both the bicycle frame and one or both wheels with a U-lock. The rack must be securely anchored and resistant to cutting, rusting, bending, and other deformation.

    BuildingGreen offers guidance and a curated list of how to find quality bike racks.

    FAQs

    What is length of stay is considered ‘short-term’ vs. ‘long-term’?

    Short-term bike storage is for visitors staying for a period of two hours or less. Long-term storage is for more than two hours. 

    If the building is listed in Appendix 2 Default occupancy codes with zero transients, does that mean we don’t have to provide any short-term bike spaces?

    In order to comply with this credit, at least four short-term and four long-term spaces are required. If you are unsure about how many visitors will be expected, a good rule of thumb is to use approximately 10% of the FTE.

  • LT Credit 6: Bicycle facilities

    Intent

    To promote bicycling and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging utilitarian and recreational physical activity.

    Requirements

    Bicycle network

    Design or locate the project such that a functional entryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. and/or bicycle storage is within a 200-yard (180-meter) walking distance or bicycling distance from a bicycle network that connects to at least one of the following:

    • at least 10 diverse uses (see Appendix 1);
    • a school or employment center, if the project total floor area is 50% or more residential; or
    • a bus rapid transit stop, light or heavy rail station, commuter rail station, or ferry terminal.

    All destinations must be within a 3-mile (4800-meter) bicycling distance of the project boundary.

    Planned bicycle trails or lanes may be counted if they are fully funded by the date of the certificate of occupancy and are scheduled for completion within one year of that date.

    Bicycle Storage and Shower Rooms
    Case 1. commercial or institutional projects

    Provide short-term bicycle storage for at least 2.5% of all peak visitors, but no fewer than four storage spaces per building.

    Provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 5% of all regular building occupants, but no fewer than four storage spaces per building in addition to the short-term bicycle storage spaces.

    Provide at least one on-site shower with changing facility for the first 100 regular building occupants and one additional shower for every 150 regular building occupants thereafter.

    Case 2. residential projects

    Provide short-term bicycle storage for at least 2.5% of all peak visitors but no fewer than four storage spaces per building.

    Provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 30% of all regular building occupants, but no less than one storage space per residential unit in addition to the short-term bicycle storage spaces.

    Case 3. mixed-use projects

    Meet the Case 1 and Case 2 storage requirements for the nonresidential and residential portions of the project, respectively.

    For all projects

    Short-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any main entrance. Long-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any functional entry.

    Bicycle storage capacity may not be double-counted: storage that is fully allocated to the occupants of non-project facilities cannot also serve project occupants.

    Core & Shell projects should refer to Appendix 2, Default Occupancy Counts, for occupancy count requirements and guidance.

11 Comments

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Edna Urias Design Manager Desarrolladora Seica SA de CV
Jun 15 2017
LEEDuser Member
2 Thumbs Up

Showers & Changing Facilities

Project Location: Mexico

We were wondering if a Core & Shell building will be subdivided in a future for 2 tenants, do we have to consider shower facilities at 100 feet from each main entrance ? Which in this case the building has 2 main entrance (north and south side of the building)

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jun 16 2017 LEEDuser Expert 849 Thumbs Up

Hi Edna, will this subdivision take place as part of the Core & Shell scope or the TI Scopes?

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Edna Urias Design Manager, Desarrolladora Seica SA de CV Jun 16 2017 LEEDuser Member 2 Thumbs Up

Hi Marilyn, the subdivision would be part of th TI's scope but is uncertain, the whole building may be leased for one user or by two users

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jun 16 2017 LEEDuser Expert 849 Thumbs Up

Hi Edna, if it would be part of the TI (and is uncertain at this time) then I would only go on what is in your CS scope and what you know to be true about how the project will be built. This is a great opportunity where Tenant Lease Requirements can be helpful in stipulating that whatever TI work takes place in the future, they still adhere to the same LEED credit requirements.

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Edna Urias Design Manager, Desarrolladora Seica SA de CV Jun 16 2017 LEEDuser Member 2 Thumbs Up

Well do, thank you Marilyn.

Regards!

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Jay Murray LEED Administrator Commercial Construction Consulting
May 03 2017
LEEDuser Member
261 Thumbs Up

Do the bike racks need to be covered? Definition of 'secure'?

This is a commercial project, LEED v4 CS. We have a requirement of 4 racks for visitors and 7 racks for FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE.

Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix.

All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories.
, we want to put a 12 space rack within 100 feet from the main entrance. 1) does it need to be covered? and 2) what does secure mean? I take that as when someone locks his/her bike to the rack meaning secure...or does it mean the entire rack needs to have some kind of fence or wall around it to secure all of the bikes even though they may be locked to the immovable rack. If there is a barrier needed, will the owner need to provide a key or FOB to all FTE's to get in?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jun 16 2017 LEEDuser Expert 849 Thumbs Up

Hi Jay, great questions. Per the definitions in the Reference Guide, long term bike storage needs to be "covered to protect bicycles from rain and snow," but there is no stipulation for short term bike parking to be covered, only that it must be "non-enclosed bicycle parking typically used by visitors for a period of two hours or less."
Regarding "secure," this is listed in regards to Case 2, Residential requirements, specifically, but more generally referred to as it relates to secure anchoring of the racks themselves. Hope this helps!

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Pedro Ribeiro Director of Sustainability Edifícios Saudáveis Consultores
Nov 22 2016
LEEDuser Member
1623 Thumbs Up

Diverse uses located within LEED project boundary

Project Location: Colombia

I'm working on a shopping center development that will include at time of occupancy more than 10 diverse uses within project boundary. May we count this uses to comply with the bicycle network requirement ("bicycle network that connects to at least 10 diverses uses")?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jan 17 2017 LEEDuser Expert 849 Thumbs Up

Hi Pedro, I recommend you confirm with GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). directly. Under v2009 there was a limit to how many services you could count within your project boundary and I believe that is the case for v4 as well. But perhaps walking GBCI through your specific project and how you meet the credit intent might be helpful context.

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Sara Johansson LEED® AP O+M Sweco Systems
Sep 14 2016
Guest
41 Thumbs Up

Showers?

Project Location: Sweden

Do the required number showers have to be placed together (near the bicycle racks) or can showers spread through-out the building be accounted for? For example if I need 5 showers, can 1 shower on each floor of a 5-story building be accounted for?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Sep 20 2016 LEEDuser Expert 849 Thumbs Up

Hi Sara, it is fine to spread them out between multiple floors.

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Jun 23 2017
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