Interior smoking is not allowed in many building types, and for those projects, this prerequisite should be easy and not add costs. It may even be the only legal option. To comply, you may need to establish a nonsmoking policy in and around the building (including entrances and balconies), and install appropriate signage.
Multifamily residences and hotels may feel compelled to allow smoking in some or all units, and some projects, like airports, have designated smoking rooms. In these cases, stringent measures will be needed to stop movement of smoke from smoking to nonsmoking areas. These measures include air barriers between units, negative air pressure in smoking areas, separate exhaust systems, and blower-door testing, all of which may add design and construction costs. The added trouble of these measures is offset by some added benefits. The air barrier in particular can improve energy efficiency as well as acoustical privacy.
Meeting the air leakage rateThe speed at which an appliance loses refrigerant, measured between refrigerant charges or over 12 months, whichever is shorter. The leakage rate is expressed in terms of the percentage of the appliance's full charge that would be lost over a 12-month period if the rate stabilized. (EPA Clean Air Act, Title VI, Rule 608). requirements for projects that must perform blower-door testing (multi-family and hotel projects allowing smoking) can be extremely challenging and a major barrier toward achieving LEED certification. The leakage rates require construction practices for unit sealing that are farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). beyond standard practice and as a result, many projects have failed the blower door tests and have not been eligible for certification.
It is critical that a blower-door-testing consultant be brought onboard during design development or early duing construction documents to ensure that drawings are detailed enough to properly seal units. Get the whole team, including the commissioningThe process of verifying and documenting that a building and all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the owner's project requirements. agent, general contractor, and subcontractors on board with the necessary practices, and keep this same expert involved during construction to ensure proper sealing techniques are being followed.
Project teams should perform a mock test of a typical unit to ensure sealing techniques are being followed and to identify any potential locations of air leakage. This ensures that problem areas are identified early on in the construction process so that problems can be corrected for the remainder of units. It can be very costly to correct common problem areas across a project if the testing is only done at the completion of the project.
No—this is optional.
Yes, if local regulations are not as strict as LEED, you must create a policy that complies with LEED standards (and communicate this policy to building users) to achieve this prerequisite. Exterior signage which communicates the policy is required so that all occupants, visitors, and passersby are made aware of the exterior smoking policy.
Although projects may not have complete control over the public space that surrounds their building, at minimum, provide adequate signage that communicates smoking is prohibited 25 feet from the entrance. Signage can help deter people from standing outside of the door to smoke.
Additionally, do not have designated smoking areas or ash trays outside the entrance to further discourage smoking by the entrance. For documentation purposes, provide a photo or plan indicating where the signage will be installed, and note any additional efforts (such as no ashtray by entrance or security that may enforce the no smoking within 25 feet rule).
This is acceptable as long as the emergency exit has an alarm. Emergency exits without alarms qualify as building openings and must have signage.
The 25 feet should be calculated from the closest point within the smoking area to the building opening, going around any solid objects (balconies, walls, etc.) as needed. For calculating distances between a lower level smoking area and an upper floor building opening, it should be calculated starting from the ceiling of the lower floor to the nearest (lowest) point in the upper floor opening.
No. Visitors and other non-employees might not be familiar with the building policies or local smoking laws.
Yes. As of 7/1/2014, with LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. #10388, the environmental tobacco smoke (ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer.) prerequisite applies to e-cigarettes as well as conventional cigarettes. USGBC cites the World Health Organization, stating that "e-cigarettes should be prohibited anywhere where the use of conventional cigarettes is prohibited." The interpretation also updated the definition of smoke to include “smoke produced from the combustion of cannabis and controlled substances and the vapors produced by electronic smoking devices."
Establish the smoking policies for interior spaces and exterior spaces, including balconies, by working with the building owner. Many municipal codes do not permit smoking in public buildings, so banning smoking (Option 1) may be the only legal option in some cases.
Additional consultant costs may arise from documentation and testing processes, if projects choose to have interior designated smoking areas.
For residential applications, adopting a no-smoking policy in Homeowners Association policies has been a good strategy for reducing ETS transfer between units. In past versions of LEED, this type of policy has also been sufficient to demonstrate compliance with the prerequisite requirements. However, because of changes to the credit language and LEED Online credit form, it is unclear if this strategy would be accepted as compliant without conducting blower door testing as well. Any multi-family project pursuing this type of strategy should be prepared to submit a CIR to confirm that the approach will be acceptable to the GBCI review team.
Air sealing between units is recommended for several reasons, even if smoking is banned. In multifamily buildings and hotels it is common for occupants to smoke inside their units despite nonsmoking policies. Without air sealing between units, other occupants may be exposed to secondhand smoke and odors. Air sealing between units also improves energy performance, particularly in high rises subject to the stack effect, in which warm, buoyant air rises upward, leading to thermal losses and ventilation problems. Acoustic privacy is also improved by air sealing, and air sealing also reduces pathways for vermin.
High quality construction using air sealing can be marketed as a building feature for multi-unit construction, and has been shown to attract premium rents and sales prices.
Banning smoking on private balconies is necessary if they are within 25 feet of a neighbor’s operable window or another building opening, even if smoking is allowed inside the unit. Multifamily tenants may be unhappy with these rules, so owners should carefully consider their policies, the needs and habits of their tenants, and the design and location of balconies and openings.
If allowing smoking in some units, clustering those rooms on one floor can keep the need for special air sealing and hallway pressurization strategies (which can be used in lieu of weatherstripping) relatively contained.
Incorporate smoking-related requirements into the commissioning documentation, including the Owner’s Project Requirements and the Basis of Design for EAp1: Fundamental Commissioning.
Designate the location of outdoor smoking areas, if any, on design drawings. Ensure that these areas are appropriately removed from building windows, ventilation opens, and entrances, and entrance paths.
The mechanical engineer ensures that the HVAC design meets the exhaust and pressure levels of the LEED requirements. Also ensure that all units will receive adequate fresh air. A certain amount of air infiltration may be assumed, but the careful air-sealing associated with this credit may reduce the infiltration below expected levels. Ensure that mechanical systems, operable windows, or a combination, are able to provide enough ventilation. Make sure that pressure differences between the hallway and unit are enough to prevent cross contamination, but not so much that doors slam doors shut or are difficult to operate.
Operating energy use may be increased by maintaining the negative pressure requirements for interior designated smoking rooms. Designated smoking rooms in commercial properties can also add upfront costs associated with construction and design, added ventilation loads, and air sealing and deck-to-deck partitions. On the other hand, increased air sealing can decrease energy costs and increase rents, as noted earlier.
Eliminating smoking in a building costs virtually nothing and is the simplest way to control environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Possible associated costs would be the cost of signage indicating that the building is non-smoking and the development of a nonsmoking policy. Benefits include occupant health and productivity, and reduced cleaning and maintenance.
In non-residential construction when smoking will be banned (Case 1, Option 1), incorporate smoking-related signage into plans and construction specifications. Fill out LEED Credit Form and upload all supporting documentation to LEED Online.
If smoking is to be allowed in certain areas (Case 1, Option 2 and Case 2), integrate deck-to-deck partitions and weatherstripping or pressurization into plans and construction document specifications.
Identify potential air leakage points in design and construction plans early. Common examples of areas where leakage occur include electrical boxes, air registers, window frames, and where walls meet the floor.
Ask a blower-door or air-barrier expert to review construction documents and shop drawings prior to the actual testing to ensure that problem areas, including deck to deck partitions, are likely to be sealed according to specifications.
Ensure that the blower door test is included in the contractor’s or any other responsible parties’ scope of work.
If smoking is to be allowed in certain areas (Case 1, Option 2 and Case 2), fill out LEED template and upload all supporting documentation to LEED Online.
A no-smoking policy for construction workers is not required for this prerequisite, but is a good practice, especially after the enclosure is installed, and will help achieve IEQc3.1: Construction IAQ Management
Orient all subcontractors to air-sealing goals and quality-control practices.
The contractor schedules any necessary air pressure or blower door tests in their proper sequence. Testing occurs at various construction phases and ideally with a test unit to identify any leakages and opportunities for improvement in other units.
Involve an experienced blower-door testing agent in visual inspections before drywall is installed in any of the units. This will ensure that problem areas are addressed while they are still easily accessible. Also bring the blower-door expert in for early testing, once the drywall is installed, but before painting, finish materials, and appliances are installed. This will point out penetrations that need to be sealed between units and allow contractors to address those penetrations in the remaining units to ensure that all units meet the standard.
Conduct blower door tests, which in multifamily and hotel applications typically require a sampling of one out of every seven units. See the Home Energy Rating System program (link) for details on sampling rates. For any spaces that do not pass the blower door pressure test, correct any potential problems and retest, or another space has to be tested until 100 percent of the requisite number of spaces have successfully passed.
The cost of a blower door test will vary by region and project, but expect an average of $500–$800 per test.
Uphold and enforce the nonsmoking policy, if applicable. Nonsmoking policies can be enforced with documented building policies, and building signage.
Additional policies to support a nonsmoking building may include providing smokers with alternatives such as outdoor smoking areas, giving employees incentives to quit smoking, and if smoking is permitted in parts of the building, developing a phase-out plan.
Nonsmoking policies can be implemented with homeowners association policies, building signage, and other means of communicating with occupants.
Additional costs from maintaining designated smoking areas within a building may include more frequent and more rigorous cleaning, disposal of ashes and butts, and frequent change-out of ventilation system filters. Light fixtures and finishes may also need to be replaced more frequently in designated smoking areas.
Excerpted from LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations
To prevent or minimize exposure of building occupants, indoor surfaces and ventilation air distribution systems to environmental tobacco smoke (ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer.).
Prohibit on-property smoking within 25 feet of entries, outdoor air intakes and operable windows. Provide signage to allow smoking in designated areas, prohibit smoking in designated areas or prohibit smoking on the entire property.
Prohibit smoking in the building except in designated smoking areas.
Provide designated smoking rooms designed to contain, capture and remove ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer. from the building. At a minimum, the smoking room must be directly exhausted to the outdoors, away from air intakes and building entry paths, with no recirculation of ETS-containing air to nonsmoking areas and enclosed with impermeable deck-to-deck partitions. Operate exhaust sufficient to create a negative pressure differential with the surrounding spaces of at least an average of 5 Pascals (Pa) (0.02 inches of water gauge) and a minimum of 1 Pa (0.004 inches of water gauge) when the doors to the smoking rooms are closed.
Verify performance of the smoking rooms’ differential air pressures by conducting 15 minutes of measurement, with a minimum of 1 measurement every 10 seconds, of the differential pressure in the smoking room with respect to each adjacent area and in each adjacent vertical chase with the doors to the smoking room closed. Conduct the testing with each space configured for worst-case conditions of transport of air from the smoking rooms (with closed doors) to adjacent spaces.
Prohibit smoking in all common areas of the building.
Locate any exterior designated smoking areas, including balconies where smoking is permitted, at least 25 feet from entries, outdoor air intakes and operable windows opening to common areas.
Weather-strip all exterior doors and operable windows in the residential units to minimize leakage from outdoors.
Minimize uncontrolled pathways for ETS transfer between individual residential units by sealing penetrations in walls, ceilings and floors in the residential units and by sealing vertical chases adjacent to the units. Weather-strip all doors in the residential units leading to common hallways to minimize air leakage into the hallway1.
Demonstrate acceptable sealing of residential units by a blower door testA blower door test gives an overall value for airtightness of a space, and can help identify air leaks. The testing unit consists of a calibrated fan that is sealed onto the unit entrance. The fan creates a continuous flow of pressure into the unit (or out of the unit when using theatrical fog to locate leaks). Devices detect the rate of pressure retention and loss due to possible air leaks in the construction. conducted in accordance with ANSI/ASTMVoluntary standards development organization which creates source technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services-E779-03, Standard Test Method for Determining Air Leakage RateThe speed at which an appliance loses refrigerant, measured between refrigerant charges or over 12 months, whichever is shorter. The leakage rate is expressed in terms of the percentage of the appliance's full charge that would be lost over a 12-month period if the rate stabilized. (EPA Clean Air Act, Title VI, Rule 608). By Fan Pressurization. Use the progressive sampling methodology defined in Chapter 4 (Compliance Through Quality Construction) of the Residential Manual for Compliance with California’s 2001 Energy Efficiency Standards. Residential units must demonstrate less than 1.25 square inches leakage area per 100 square feet of enclosure area (i.e., sum of all wall, ceiling and floor areas). Projects outside the U.S. may use a local equivalent to ANSI/ASTM-Control E779-03, Standard Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate By Fan Pressurization.
Prohibit smoking in commercial buildings or effectively control the ventilation air in smoking rooms. For residential buildings, prohibit smoking in common areas and design building envelope and systems to minimize ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer. transfer among dwelling units.
1 If the common hallways are pressurized with respect to the residential units then doors in the residential units leading to the common hallways need not be weather-stripped provided that the positive differential pressure is demonstrated as in Option 2, Case 1 above, considering the residential unit as the smoking room.
This updated version of the spreadsheet categories dozens of specific space types according to how they should be applied under various IEQ credits. This document is essential if you have questions about how various unique space types should be treated. Up to date, 2nd Edition.
This spreadsheet categories dozens of specific space types according to how they should be applied under various IEQ credits. This document is essential if you have questions about how various unique space types should be treated. This is the 1st edition.
Guidelines for proper air sealing techniques.
Provides general background on blower door tests.
This publication from Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights details the legal basis for constructing a smoke-free workplace policy.
This study finds that the percentage of gamblers who smoke is not significantly different from the percentage of the general population who smoke, undermining claims that barring smoking in casinos would have a devastating economic impact.
This EPA document summarizes environmental tobacco smoke research and provides information on national laws targeting the issue.
ANR advocates for non-smokers' interests and provides information for those wishing to prohibit smoking in public places.
Establish and communicate a policy prohibiting smoking within 25 feet of building openings.
Provide a map showing that designated outdoor smoking areas are 25 feet or more from building openings.
Provide drawings, data, and a narrative explaining pressurization and leakage rate testing protocols.
Sample LEED Online forms for all rating systems and versions are available on the USGBC website.
Documentation for this credit can be part of a Design Phase submittal.
We have a question about exterior non-smoking policy on the project NC. After checking we recently got a review for IEQp2:
“It is not clear how this signage system communicates the exterior smoking policy. Provide a narrative and other documentation to confirm how the signage system communicates the exterior smoking policy for all building occupants to view. Note that the signage must explicitly communicate the requirements of this LEED prerequisite: that smoking is prohibited on the entire project site / property; that smoking is prohibited within 25 feet (8 meters) of entries, outdoor air intakes, and operable windows; or that smoking is prohibited on the property except in designated smoking areas (that are located at least 25 feet / 8 meters from the building).”
In the project policy specified:
“Smoking is strictly prohibited outside the building except in designated smoking areas located at least 25 feet away from building entrance, air intakes and operable windows. Appropriates signage define the smoking area outside: «next attached is an example of signage».”
Site in fact do have 2 designed smoking areas located at least 25 feet away from building entrance, air intakes and operable windows. What in politics are not right?
I'm working on a large building with over 20 separate entrances/exits that are adjacent to public sidewalks and plaza areas. The owner is concerned that placing 20 no-smoking signs will negatively impact the aesthetic of the building (even with nicely designed signs), and I tend to agree. Unfortunately we got the following comment from the LEED reviewer: “The documentation indicates that the exterior smoking policy may not be posted in sufficient locations to account for multiple entrances to the project building. Provide a narrative and other documentation to confirm how the signage is posted in enough locations to communicate the exterior non-smoking policy reasonably to all occupants.”
Has anyone dealt with a similar situation or have any suggestions on how to communicate the no-smoking policy to all occupants without having a sign at every door? I’m thinking we could strategically place signs so they cover multiple doors, but I wanted to see if anyone had any other ideas or insights. Thank you.
Have you thought about prohibiting smoking in all exterior areas and designating specific areas for smokers?
Mike, could you provide some information on what your submitted approach was for the signage? This may help in narrowing down a possible solution.
Is this building taking up an entire block, is the property adjacent to another property? The sidewalk may be public, but is the plaza public or part of the project site?
I try to take a look at the entire site through the eye of a pedestrian and a driver - what are all the different ways I could approach the site and head towards the closest door - would I go past or easily see a smoking policy sign? Where could I put a sign that would be viewed by as many people as possible?
Thanks for your reply. The building is the width of an entire block. One side abuts the public sidewalk, two sides abut the building's plaza (which is accessible to the public), and the fourth side has no entrances/exits because it is adjacent to another building. There are several main building entrances that provide access to the main lobby as well as entrances that provide direct access to first floor tenant spaces (e.g. restaurants, retail, etc.). In addition to these major entrances, there are several secondary entrances/exits scattered along the building.
Thanks in advance for your input.
Mike, what was the design approach you submitted for your signage?
For areas along the public sidewalk, I make sure to put a sign on either end of the building, stating the '25' distance' from the building. However, if that side of the bldg. has storefront doors and parallel parking, people won't see the signs because they aren't approaching the bldg. from that direction. In that case, you will need a few more signs, either spread across the building façade, or perhaps you could add the signs to posts already along the sidewalk (lighting poles, parking signs, etc.)?
If a smoking zone is surrounded by 2 zones, is it sufficient to measure the differential pressure with respect to the zone where a door exist, or I must conduct measurement with respect to each zone separately, knowing that the second zone is separated from the smoking zone by a brick deck-to-deck wall?
Based on my interpretation of the credit requirements, you must verify performance of the smoking zone's differential air pressures with respect to each adjacent zone whether or not it is connected to the smoking zone by a door.
The owner wants to let users smoke in a 6mx6m terrace. Because of the 8 meters prohibition, he suggests to have an 8-meter long, positively pressurised vestibule before the terrace exit.
Does anyone know if this strategy will be accepted by the reviewers?
I am not sure that the reviewers will accept this strategy. I have not heard of any teams using a vestibule to meet the 8 meter requirement for outdoor smoking areas.
It may be worth requesting a Project Credit Interpretation Ruling (CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide) for guidance on whether or not a pressurized vestibule as you describe would comply with the requirements.
Our project is hotel new construction project. Smoking is prohibited in all hotel rooms. In this case, no blower door testA blower door test gives an overall value for airtightness of a space, and can help identify air leaks. The testing unit consists of a calibrated fan that is sealed onto the unit entrance. The fan creates a continuous flow of pressure into the unit (or out of the unit when using theatrical fog to locate leaks). Devices detect the rate of pressure retention and loss due to possible air leaks in the construction. for hotel rooms is needed, is this correct? The LEED online form also seems to require uploading no test results if smoking is prohibited in hotel rooms. Thank you for your instruction in advance.
According to the form in that case a singed (by the owner) commitment that the non-smoking policy will be enforced is essential.
The interior of our building is all non-smoking, however, we have a roof top bar. Does that need to be non-smoking as well as it is outside?
this will still need to comply with the requirements of EQp2 as this prereq is not allowed to apply the 10% exemption rule.
If the bar itself is outside, then smoking is only allowed in designated areas that are at least 25 feet from building openables and fresh air intakes.
For IEQ P2 Option A - do we need to have performance metrics in the policy we submit?
Vanessa, do you mean Option 1? In that case, the answer is no.
I am conducting a survey in affiliation with University of Cincinnati for my Master's thesis which would take just 10-15 minutes of your time. By answering the questions that are relevant to your experience, would help me in giving my research the required depth in understanding the achievability of the credit points in the Material and Resource category of LEED v2009 and v2013.
The following is the link to complete the web based questionnaire.
Thank you in advance for your time!
I appreciate your need for info and posting on this forum. There are lots of great knowledgeable people here, some of whom may be able and willing to help. However posting your request on every different credit rather than just in the Material and Resources category has flooded my inbox with undesirable emails. I assume you did not realize this unintended consequence. Please keep your request to the area it pertains. Thank you.
Sorry I didn't realize that! My apologies.
We are working on a new construction hotel project. During our analysis of prerequisite of smoking analysis we have been noticed LEED NC-2009 guide option 2 case 2 has been guided to have the smoking area at least 25 feet (8 meters) from entries.
Can we please get define whether the 8 meters counting from the entrance door of the gust room or from the entrance door of the outdoor balcony?
From all entrances, openings, and air intakes. In your case, the smoking spot should be at least 25 feet from BOTH guest room and balcony entrances.
Thank you for your advice.
I have a question regarding the use of smoking cabins in a LEED project, has anyone ever tried to install one or is willing to share their experience? Would the requirement be met if the cabin can provide the negative pressure difference of 5 Pa?
There is an example diagram on page 419 of the BD+C V3 reference guide, where there is an Ante-Room for the smoking room, would this requirement also be necessary given the cabin is a stand alone unit?
Hola! The ante-rooms are not required, but may be good practice. It is OK to use the cabin as long as it can keep the minimum negative pressure and exhaust directly to the outdoors 25 feet away of any openings.
We have a question about the location of the anti smoking signs.
Leed requires that the signs are installed in certain areas, such as elevator, circulation, rooms? Are there a minimum number of signs to be installed?
No minimum number, but the locations you're naming don't sound right. Check out the reference guide language for guidance on this.
I am the HERS rater working on a 80+ story condominium high rise. It is intended to be a "smoking permitted" building. Some of the residential units have in-unit access to the elevators. The elevator shafts cause massive amounts of infiltration such that the units cannot pass blower door testing. RESNET MFHR guidelines do not allow the elevator doors/shafts to be sealed for testing. Everything I see indicates that the design simply does not meet the intent of the prerequisite requirements. Has anybody encountered this, and what did you do?
I guess you can make a case with USGBC/GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). and use different rules for the door blower test, if ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer. being carried through the elevator shaft is not an issue. They might ask you to submit this as a CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide though.
We are building a NC Campus Project that has a non smoking policy except in one designated outside area. The designated non smoking area is being proposed to be positioned beside a storage room, does the 25ft rule still apply from openable doors, windows and air intakes as the room is not an occupied space?
yes, the rule still applies.
The project in question is part of a high school campus with a strict campus-wide smoke-free policy. The primary users of the building will be faculty, staff, and students who are well aware of the policy. Is additional signage on this building still required?
We recently certified a project with the same condition. Our project was on a public school campus with a state-wide smoke free school zone law.
We did install no smoking signs at building entrances but did not indicate "within 25' of the building" as the implication would be that you could smoke elsewhere on the campus.
We discussed posting campus entrances with our review team but, we were in a neighborhood where people could wander onto the campus from anywhere. We made the case through our narrative that this was well understood in the State and that anyone would be just as likely to enforce this policy on the school grounds. GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). agreed that additional signage was not necessary. The credit was approved.
You may want to submit a "Feedback" to see whether your building signs could be more discreet or eliminated entirely.
We are renovating a historic residential building and windows will not be replaced. We think it will be difficult to perform a blower door testA blower door test gives an overall value for airtightness of a space, and can help identify air leaks. The testing unit consists of a calibrated fan that is sealed onto the unit entrance. The fan creates a continuous flow of pressure into the unit (or out of the unit when using theatrical fog to locate leaks). Devices detect the rate of pressure retention and loss due to possible air leaks in the construction.. We intend to ban smoke on all property and in all internal spaces comprised residential units. Is installing no smoking signage and no smoking requirements incorporated in contractual language of lease agreements sufficient for this prerequisite?
LEEDme, just go with Option 1 to ban smoking in the building, as you suggest.
We recently got a mid-review for IEQp2. The exterior smoking policy of the project is entirely composed of a taped-on sheet of paper. The review team think that this signage system appears to be temporary in nature and can be easily removed, and it is not clear if the non-smoking policy will be reasonably viewable by all building occupants over time. But actually the non-smoking policy will be managed by the Property management staff to ensure that this signage system will stay there permanetly and every occupants will know this policy.
What should we do to clarification this credit, or some other pernament signage should we provided?
I also got a similar review comment and still wondering how to decide a permanent signage. Have u got the solution?
We are working on a large high-end high-rise residential project with a variety of unit sizes and layouts. Almost every unit is a unique layout to some degree, whether it be the location or size of a closet or adjacency of the kitchen to another space. Testing every unit in the building would be onerous and costly. If units has the same number of bedrooms and approximate square footages, would that constitute an acceptable testing sample?
Ilana, sorry for the slow reply. I would advise creating a testing plan that reasonably balances the design variations, as you suggest, and then run it by GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC).. I wouldn't want this to get knocked back after it's too late to fix.
We are working on a high-rise residential project in San Francisco. I see a question relating to how many residential units need to be blower door tested dating from June 24 2014. We do not see a reply to that question, however. The HERS 2.2 methodology states 1 in 7 units of the same layout, but we are hearing of more narrow sampling protocols. GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). has not responded to our questions on this. We have not seen a specific addenda addressing this, either. We are hoping a fellow LEED User out there might have an example of successfully submitted and approved documentation they are willing to share with us. Many thanks in advance!
Refer to LEED Interpretations #1740, 5209 and 10222. 1 in 7 seven is the correct sampling rate. I don't have first hand experience with this for IEQp2 so hopefully the interpretations help. LEED does reference the HERS sampling methodology.
In reference to the question about number of units required to be sampled we would like to have a response to an applied case (as an example).
This is a multifamily residential building with natural ventilation where smoking is permitted only in residential units.
This building has 3 types (A, B and C) of units which are identical.
There are 35 A type units, 21 B type units and 7 C type units.
The total of units in the building are 63.
According to HOME ENERGY RATING SYSTEMS (HERS) FIELD VERIFICATION AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTING REGULATIONS and the
LEED Interpretations #10222 and #1740, it is allowed to sample 1 in 7 identical units, but also a minimum of 3 tests are allowed when you have more than 21 units of one type.
In the example, we understand therefore, that we need to make:
Type A (35 units): 3 initial field verification, 3 sample field verification, 3 re-sample test (if necessary)
Type B (21 units): 3 initial field verification, 3 sample field verification, 3 re-sample test (if necessary)
Type C (7 units): 1 initial field verification, 1 sample field verification, 1 re-sample test (if necessary)
Total: 21 tests
Is this ok?
Since all the visitors to our project speaks Spanish, I wonder if is accepted to meet this credit that signage be written in Spanish?
I do quite some projects in German speaking countries. We always have the signage in the local language. For submission, I give translations on the PDFs showing the signage. We never had an issue with this approach.
Thank you Jens
Signage in the primary local language is definiately acceptable / preferred.
Can interior smoking policy be communicated using the no smoking sign or do we need to add text to the sign?
I have a gypsum board partitions with a false ceiling all over the floor. I need to know if I can use the Hard-lidLow-impact development: an approach to managing rainwater runoff that emphasizes on-site natural features to protect water quality, by replicating the natural land cover hydrologic regime of watersheds, and addressing runoff close to its source. Examples include better site design principles (e.g., minimizing land disturbance, preserving vegetation, minimizing impervious cover), and design practices (e.g., rain gardens, vegetated swales and buffers, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, soil amendments). These are engineered practices that may require specialized design assistance. ceiling as an alternative to the Deck to deck partitions or not?
I am guessing that hard-lidLow-impact development: an approach to managing rainwater runoff that emphasizes on-site natural features to protect water quality, by replicating the natural land cover hydrologic regime of watersheds, and addressing runoff close to its source. Examples include better site design principles (e.g., minimizing land disturbance, preserving vegetation, minimizing impervious cover), and design practices (e.g., rain gardens, vegetated swales and buffers, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, soil amendments). These are engineered practices that may require specialized design assistance. ceilings would not be acceptable, as they are not noted as an option. For IEQc5, hard-lid ceilings or deck-to-deck partitions are acceptable, and are noted as such. Additionally, it seems that deck-to-deck partitions would better isolate each room, whereas hard lid ceilings may leave above ceiling areas open.
Regarding emergency exits, we recieved the following review comment on our LEED Volume program submission:
"Emergency exits must prohibit smoking within 25 feet. The only exception is alarmed emergency exits, which do not qualify as building openings."
would you please clarify what does it mean "alarmed emergency exits"? Does it require certain alarm, and software interface?
Yes, alarmed exits are usually connected to the fire alarm / life safety. When a building occupant uses that exit and there is not a fire alarm going off, the door rings alerting people to a problem.
David, your review comments are consistent with what I've always understood to be the case. Can you alarm some of your exits? They want to ensure that people don't come and go through those doors to smoke. If there is a short cut, people will find it and exploit it.
This is an office building. The designer is proposing to use a single exaust system for one smoking room and other smoke free rooms. It is a 100% outdoor air system with a plate heat recovery, so there will be no ETSEnvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, consists of airborne particles emitted from the burning end of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, and is exhaled by smokers. These particles contain about 4,000 compounds, up to 50 of which are known to cause cancer. recirculation at all.
The IEQp2 requirements Option 2, Case 1 doesn't require a separate system. But in the implementation section it says "install separate ventilation systems must be installed" (seems to be an erroneous wording here).
Do we need a separate, standalone exhaust system for indoor smoking rooms? I think no and the proposed design is ok, as it fulfills the requirements and the intent of the prerequisite, as there will be no ETS contamination outside the smoking room.
I put in a CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide for this question. If someone ever has the same question, here are the general questions and answers:
2. In general, is a separate supply and exhaust air system required that serves only the smoking room(s)?
3. In general, is a separate exhaust air system required that exhausts only the smoking room(s) with supply air being transferred from non-smoking areas?
Response 2: No, a separate/dedicated supply and exhaust system is not required to serve the smoking room if under normal operating conditions there is no recirculation of the smoking room air within any air handling unit that serves other non-smoking spaces.
Response 3: No. See response to Question 2.
can the smoking area be placed in the basement if its 25 feet away from any operable windows and doors
That seems like it is "in the building" (this is the name of option 1) to me.
At what point of the project do the standards regarding IEQp2 take effect? Are there any standards that need to be followed during the construction process, before the building envelope is sealed?
If pursuing IEQc3.1 there should be no smoking in the building during construction. That is certainly best practice, esp. once anything beyond structural materials are installed. IEQp2 is oriented to operations and planning for a no smoking building in the design phase, so you are touching on a grey area here, but no smoking in the building during construction is common and best practice for a number of reasons.
From the requirements: "Verify performance of the smoking rooms’ differential air pressures by conducting 15 minutes of measurement, with a minimum of 1 measurement every 10 seconds, of the differential pressure in the smoking room with respect to each adjacent area and in each adjacent vertical chase with the doors to the smoking room closed. Conduct the testing with each space configured for worst-case conditions of transport of air from the smoking rooms (with closed doors) to adjacent spaces."
It seems to me that having doors open is the worst case, not doors closed. Any opinions on that?
I agree that the language is confusing, but could any pressure differential be established and maintained with doors open? I think the message is, create and test at the doors-closed worst case condition.
My project is on a college campus that is non-smoking on the entire campus, there are no areas with permitted smoking. The streets themselves are university property, not public streets.
If everything and everywhere is non-smoking, and there are "no smoking/tobacco inside and out" on exterior doors (for this building and every other building on campus), would there be any requirement to place free-standing signs on the edges of the site? Or are the signs on the doors enough?
The campus is willing to put up free-standing sign in areas that expercience difficulties with tobacco use, but I don't want to put up signs by default if I don't have to. Thanks!
There is no need to place free standing sings if you have signs on the building itself stating it is prohibited to smoke within 25 feet of the building.
But there is NO smoking on the entire campus, anywhere. A sign with the language no smoking "within 25 feet of the building" would go against their more stringent policy, and would imply that the students/visitors/professors CAN smoke at 26, 27, 28+ feet, etc. - which they definitely are not.
Would "no smoking/tobacco inside and out" and "tobacco free on entire campus" signs on the building actually not meet the requirements, simply because the sign doesn't mention 25'?
Using language that indicates there is no smoking allowed on campus is perfectly acceptable - it does not specifically have to state 25.' We have used that approach on many campus projects. The language we have typically seen is "Tobacco Free Campus" or "This is a Nonsmoking Campus"
Thanks Heather. Did you just provide signage on the doors/in the building, or did you still post fre-standing signs on the site? I feel like we have peppered new buildings in the past with these signs, when maybe we don't need to.
Hi Renee. The signs have usually just been on the main entry/exit doors of the building (including doors to upper level terraces). No free standing signs on site. We have sometimes included the Campus's non-smoking policy as back-up.
THANK YOU!!! That is what I was hoping for. The university's policy also clearly states that signs (wall-mounted or free-standing) can be added wherever problems with adherance may arise, so hopefully that should satisfy any reviewer that thinks there should be more signs. The client will be very happy.
Glad it helped! :)
Heather, thanks for sharing your experience.
Another addition to this awesome thread...
Heather, when you reference signage being placed on "main entry/exit doors" are you putting signage on the outside and inside surface of the main door, or just the outside (to let people know as they are coming towards/into the building)?
The wording typically faces to the outside, to let people know as they are coming toward the building. I can't think of an instance when we included it on the inside as well, but it certainly wouldn't hurt. However, it would not be required by LEED.
If smoking will be allowed in parts of the building, use good air sealing to stop transfer of ETS and to pass the blower door tests.
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