This prerequisite is very easy to meet. You only need to provide one space to store recycling. You are not even required to have a specific square footage, although the LEED Reference Guide does provide recommended square footage based on building size (see table below). To size this space properly, also consider the building’s needs and recommendations from your recycling hauler.
Providing recycling bins for occupants in places like offices and kitchens is a good idea, but is not required for this prerequisite. Nor do you have to actually implement a recycling plan. You simply have to provide the area for centralized recycling collection.
When documenting this credit on LEED Online, you’ll simply write a narrative that details the size and accessibility of the recycling storage area, the expected volume of recycling and the frequency of pick-ups. Demonstrate that the area is located and sized properly.
You’ll also need to check a few boxes confirming that you’ve provided recycling space for corrugated cardboard, metal, plastic, glass and paper, and upload a plan showing the location of the recycling storage area.
Yes. The final collection point for the recycling can be outside your project boundary. With your documentation, show the location of the collection point, describe the process of how the recycling gets to that point including how access is provided for the required parties, and how you determined that it is large enough. You would still need receptacles inside the building at places like workstations and kitchen areas.
If the collection point serves multiple buildings, then LEEDuser recommends discussing in your narrative how you have determined that the space is sufficient to serve all the buildings.
Yes. As reinforced by LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. #1803 made on 07/02/2007, "space must be provided in the building in anticipation of recycling resources becoming available in the future."
No. It's a good idea to do so, but it is not one of the required waste types.
Yes. The recommended figures are just that—recommendations. However, you should plan on being able to explain how the space is sufficient. The most common way to do this through a short narrative detailing the volume of recycling and trash per cycle based on how often it will be picked up or moved to a central storage location, such as larger dumpsters.
No, you don't need to. With an adequate description and reference to the municipal policy, the project should not need additional space dedicated because the collection system is adequate and suited to the project needs.
LEEDuser recommends providing a brief narrative that demonstrates you have estimated the volume following something like a Solid Waste Assessment. Resources such as those found at the California Integrated Waste Management Board can be useful. See case studies and approaches in the Establishing A Waste Reduction Program at Work participant's manual and in the waste disposal rates for Public Admin.
Plan to include an area for recycling storage. The architect needs to allocate this space and include it on project drawings. (See the Documentation Toolkit for a sample floorplan.)
Projects must provide enough space for the storage and collection of paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastic and metals.
You don’t have to devote a specific square footage to recycling, but the LEED Reference Guide provides the following recommended areas based on building size. (See table.) However, you will have to provide a narrative describing how the area's dimensions were determined, and following the LEED recommendations provides a good basis for this.
The most common obstacle with this prerequisite is finding space to allocate for recycling storage. A basement, parking garage, or loading dock is ideal.
Collection should be offered in areas that are convenient for occupants throughout the building, but this is not required for prerequisite compliance.
Many large scale and multi-building projects design a centralized collection area near a loading dock or in a common basement or parking garage.
This prerequisite usually is low- or no-added cost and is often standard practice.
Actually implementing a recycling program is not required, but if you don’t have one, you’re not realizing the environmental benefits of this prerequisite. (See the Documentation Toolkit for a sample recycling plan.)
Identify local hauling services and determine which is best for the building and occupants, and what types of materials the hauler will handle.
Single-stream (or commingled) recycling is usually easiest from the occupants' perspective, but it is not available everywhere.
Determine the required square footage of the storage space based on the LEED Reference Guide recommendations (see above), and estimated volume of waste generation and frequency of hauler pick-ups.
Generally, single-stream recycling will require less space for the storage of recycling because you will only need to provide one bin as opposed to five bins for sorted recycling. Also, if pickups are more frequent, you’ll need less space. Check with your hauler for recommendations.
If recycling haulers in your area don’t recycle all of the required materials, design a collection area that can accommodate all items. You’ll meet the prerequisite this way, and be prepared for more comprehensive recycling if and when the service becomes locally available.
Although recycling is required by law in some cities, this does not exempt your project from providing the appropriate documentation for LEED.
Avoid problems by early planning to allow sufficient space for recycling storage areas.
It’s ideal to specify the inclusion of small recycling bins at every trash receptacle location, and larger bins to collect and store building-wide recycling. However, this prerequisite only calls for the centralized collection area. Small recycling bins scattered throughout the building are not strictly necessary for compliance.
Locate the recycling storage facility in an area that is easily accessed by building occupants, maintenance personnel, and recycling haulers. Many projects choose to include a collection area on each floor of the building, and have the maintenance staff bring all recycling to a main storage area.
Locate multiple, small collection areas throughout the building. For example, locate a paper recycling bin near fax and copy machines or by workstations, and glass, plastic, and paper recycling bins in kitchen areas.
You can choose to locate the recycling storage area away from the building or outside the LEED site boundary. You will need to provide a detailed narrative describing how recyclables from the building will be taken to this main storage area.
For residential buildings, consider including a space in each unit for individual recycling collection as well as a chute or collection area on each floor.
Consider including cardboard balers and other waste management tools that will help to reduce the volume of recycling.
Projects have the chance to earn IDc1: Innovation in Design either through a comprehensive recycling plan including electronics and other hard to recycle items, and showing an actual reduction in waste; or through a comprehensive composting program (either onsite or hauled away) that shows reduction in waste.
Consider stacking the recycling bins if floor area is limited.
Verify that the recycling storage area is included on project drawings.
Write a narrative that describes the recycling storage area, accessibility, frequency of pickup, and volume of the space. You will also need to describe how the area’s dimensions were determined. See the Documentation Toolkit for a sample narrative.
Upload documents to LEED Online. This may include a project drawing showing the location of recycling areas if it is not clear on the images that are uploaded as part of the overall LEED submittal. See the Documentation Toolkit for an example.
If you decide to implement a recycling plan, ensure that regular recycling pickup is included as part of the janitorial contract.
Ensure that recycling bins have been installed.
Get the most value out of your recycling program by offering employee environmental awareness training and discussing ways to reduce trash and recycling.
If pursuing EBOM certification, consider pursuing the following credits:
Train maintenance personnel on proper recycling methods, such as what materials need to be separated or commingled, and in what bins.
Excerpted from LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations
To facilitate the reduction of waste generated by building occupants that is hauled to and disposed of in landfills.
Provide an easily-accessible dedicated area for the collection and storage materials for recycling for the entire building. Materials must include at a minimum paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics and metals.
You may use the LEED v4 version of this credit on v2009 projects. For more information check out this article.
Designate an area for recyclable collection and storage that is appropriately sized and located in a convenient area. Identify local waste handlers and buyers for glass, plastic, metals, office paper, newspaper, cardboard and organic wastes. Instruct occupants on recycling procedures. Consider employing cardboard balers, aluminum can crushers, recycling chutes and other waste management strategies to further enhance the recycling program.
The California Integrated Waste Management Board (CIWMB) offers information about waste reduction, recycling and solid waste characterization, as well as generation rates for offices, schools, and residences.
Earth 911 offers information and education programs on recycling as well as links to local recyclers.
You will be required to upload to LEED Online a project floorplan, like the approved sample shown here, showing recycling storage and collection areas.
To document this credit, you'll be required to write a narrative like this sample describing the recycling storage area, accessibility, frequency of pickup, and volume of the space. You will also need to describe how the area’s dimensions were determined.
You are not required to follow through with a recycling program to earn this prerequisite, so it is not necessary to document one for LEED as shown in this sample recycling plan. However, implementing a recycling program is only logical, once you have done the work of allocating space for it.
Sample LEED Online forms for all rating systems and versions are available on the USGBC website.
Documentation for this credit can be part of a Design Phase submittal.
On a hotel project we are trying to avoid putting two bins within the rooms. Would placing a note within the hotel room stating something along the lines of "please leave recyclables out for staff collection" be satisfying this credit?
Hi Jupiter, No, that wouldn't pass muster. Alternative approaches can be proposed, but they have to be at least as effective as the mandatory requirement, and I doubt you'd be able to convince people that a note is as effective as a bin.
I'm now working on a large project (180 000 m2) certification under LEED 2009 NC. I have 2 questions.
First question is:
As farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). as I understand there are 5 LEED obligatory waste fractions - glass, cardboard, paper, plastic and metal. In LEED v3 guide these recycables total to 59% of total waste. However according to Local Kazakhstan statistics, we can see that these freactions make up to around 50% of total waste generated. Thus my first question is do I have to base my calculations on LEED data or I can use our local data in order to calculate amounts of recycables? Do we have to conform to 59% of recycling during operation? Or do we still get this prerequisite if we have bins for all 5 recycling materials in each waste storage area, regardless of volume generated?
My second question is:
With the development of compact waste to energy stations, we are currently considering a possibility of installing Terragon's Micro Auto Gasification System. It basicly burns waste and recycables to creat thermal energy. Waste streams that can be treated by MAGS, without the need for segregation, include but are not limited to paper/cardboard, plastics, food, oily rags, oils and sludges.
I understand that we still need to provide bins for the collection of 5 recycables.
Therefore my question is this: can we use waste to energy tech and still get MR P1? If yes, then how can we appropriately document this?
Thank you in advance for your response.
Regarding your first question, I would say you should design and size your recycling storage area according to the most accurate data you have for the location of your project. The important thing for proper documentation of this credit is to provide a clear narrative explaining the rationale behind the design of your project's recycling collection and storage area. If the recycling storage area is designed based on local Kazakhstan statistics rather than LEED data, be sure to indicate this in the narrative. As long as you demonstrate that the area dedicated for recycling storage is located and sized properly, according to the expected volume of recycling and the frequency of pick-ups, you should have no problem meeting this prerequisite.
Regarding your second question, I have not heard of project teams using waste-to-energy systems such as the one you describe in order to demonstrate compliance with this prerequisite. However, the only thing that this prerequisite demands is that the project include adequate, dedicated space for the collection and storage of recyclable materials. If you plan to provide this storage area either way, with or without installing MAGS, your project will be compliant with this prerequisite.
As farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). as obtaining further guidance on how MAGS might contribute to various LEED credits, I would recommend submitting a request for a Credit Interpretation Ruling (CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide) to GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)..
I was wondering if anyone would know what the average Leed recycling percentage is on a large ground up hospital on a construction site across the united states , thank you.
For C&D waste, or in operation?
For either, I'm afraid I couldn't tell you, though a C&D figure would be easier to come by.
The project we're working on is a big confectionary plant. Our client claims that no glass waste is going to be generated at this plant (unless some plant worker takes glass bottle with water or carbonated drink with himself to work, which is going to be rare event). The problem is that there is no local recyclables hauler here in our country, that will take such small amount of glass to recycle it. So for this project we're planning to use bins for collection of metal, plastic and paper/cardboard mixed together, but no bin for glass. How do you think, will this strategy work or do we still need to put at least one bin for glass collection, knowing that it still won't be recycled?
Thank you all in advance.
You don't need to put in the bin for glass if there is no recycling infrastructure, as long as there is space for a bin should that situation change.
I am working on a multifamily housing project with commercial spaces. The commercial spaces are on the first 2 floors. There will be individualized retail space and office space. Should I put a recycling bin in each and every retail space as well as every office space? Also from floor 3 - 5 are parking spaces. Floor 6 - 19 are residences. I was thinking of putting recycling bin on each elevator lobby. Is this a good strategy? Also in the LEED reference guide, it provides what is required sf of recycling storage room. In my case the commercial space warrants a 225 sf of recycling storage. However the LEED hand book doesn't give a prescription on residential space requirement, only commercial. Am I only putting 225 recycling storage into my design while disregarding that there is 212,000 sf of residential space?
We are developing a ver small 12 room hotel in a historical landmark building in the historic center of Quito, all houses in the block from late 1800's, thus the building was a former single family house and the spaces are very limited. The whole building area is only 6000 sq ft, and local code does not allow for us to include any waste storage areas or any process areas in the front of the house, these areas have to have a commercial use. In this case, can the designated waste collection space be split into two separate waste collection spaces in the building? Can we size it smaller than the recommended guideline? as the guideline places us at 125q ft of storage space that we do not have any chance of meeting in the given structure
Veronica—According to the Reference Guide, USGBC never intended this Prerequisite to regulate the size of the recycling area: “The intent is for the design team to size the facilities appropriately for the specific building operations.” In practice, however, no matter how much area you provide, be prepared to justify your choices.
The City of Seattle developed the recycling space recommendations in Table 1 for commercial buildings. A small hotel in Ecuador might have very different recycling needs and capabilities.
Start by estimating how much waste your hotel is likely to produce. Estimate the volume of plastic, metal, glass, paper, cardboard, or other recyclables to expect. Find out from local recycling facilities what they require for separation, storage, and pickup. Use this information to determine how much space you require for both recyclables and trash. This may involve one or more areas.
Remember too that you can reduce the necessary space by increasing the frequency of pickup, through waste reducing practices and purchasing, and with creative space-saving sorting, storage, and transport solutions.
Include all such relevant information in the narrative in the LEEDonline MRp1 form.
We have a 140,000 SF shell & Core project that is mixed use 1st floor and office space floors 2-6. We are using LEED 2009 C&S. Can a dumpster/compactor in a service area outside, but within the LEED boundary suffice for this prerequisite? The dumpster is about 50' outside the building. Do we still need to identify an interior space?
For C&S projects, follow whats in the reference guide, page 341.. which talks about Core and Shell project requirements. The dumpster area should follow the guidelines as per Table 1 (page 341) or if there are any studies/code requirements, done to come up with a reasonable area, that might suffice too. I have mostly used table 1 for almost all my projects. Regarding the location, there is no rule that the dumpster/compactor has to be an interior space. As long as it is accessible to the maintenance staff and collection vehicles, that should work. Designation and visual marking is important (which you can mention in the narrative). Also you need to document how the recyclable materials from your building will be transported to the dumpster. Hope this helps.
we have an area with 4 building. We are certifying each building with a different certification (3 New construction and 1 Commercial interior). The area is an istitutional area with a main entrance to the quarter. In credit SSc r2 is the origin of the 1/2 mile radius, from the main entrance of the quarter for each building, or is from the main entrance of the each building itself?
First of all, I think you posted on the wrong credit. Regarding your question: if the main entrance is an access where every worker and visitor HAS TO to be identified you can claim LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. 5065. As farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). as I know this LEED Interpretation is applicable for both v2.2 and v3 projects. Your distance to the services and to the bus stop will be counted from this entrance.
This forum addresses LEED-NC MRp1 Storage & Collection of Recyclables. See LEEDuser’s Development Density A measure of the total building floor area or dwelling units on a parcel of land relative to the buildable land of that parcel. Units for measuring density may differ according to credit requirements. Does not include structured parking.& Community Connectivity forums for LEED-NC (http://www.leeduser.com/credit/NC-2009/SSc2) & LEED-CI (http://www.leeduser.com/credit/CI-2009/SSc2) for guidance concerning SSc2. If you still have questions, the experts on those forums should be able to help.
Also, please note that ID#5065 addresses SSc4.1, so the ruling may not apply equally to SSc2.
We have a question about the area of storage. We have an area with 4 buildings. Each building has a separate certification. The storage area, according to our opinion, has to be one for each building and not a unique area outside of the leed boundaries. The reason is that we have 4 certifications and so each building is separate from the other. Is it true?
Probably. You may have a shot at a combined collection area IF you have a single contract, will always have a single contract and all building have recycling collected in the same manner. If the regular trash is dealt with in the same manner *as in having one common loading dock), it would probably strengthen your argument. It would be farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). easier and safer from a review stand point if you do each building individually.
Elena—If your four projects share more site and facility resources (beyond just waste & recycling), the projects may be eligible for a combined certification as a “Campus” or a “Group.” These certifications allow multiple buildings to be certified together.
In past projects, the “Group” approach allowed us to use a centralized waste/recycling collection area for a number of buildings that shared facilities. For MRp1 certain other Prerequisites & Credits, we the Group approach allowed us to document all our buildings as if they were a single building. A few credits treat each building separately.
For projects that are eligible to use the Campus or Group certifications, there are both advantages and disadvantages. For more (and a link to the “LEED Campus Guidance for Projects on a Shared Site”), see the LEEDuser Campuses page: http://www.leeduser.com/topic/new-leed-guidance-campuses-and-multiple-bu....
I have a 6 story office building with one garbage shoot linked to a garbage sorting room outside the building but within the LEED project boundary. I was intending to let the while garbage be sorted on this room until I got the following reviewer comment:
"recycling collection points should be established within common areas to allow access to occupants. The recycling program should teach occupants and other building users about recycling"
Now my question is that: Can I place only two bins for each office/workstation; one for (paper) and one for (other), where the paper will be shoot to the garbage room separately, then the (other) will be shoot on a different time to the sorting room, and sorted inside, OR should I place the whole five categories in a place accessible to all occupants?
knowing that the second option isn't very applicable since that every occupant will have to leave his office to discard anything!
Option 1 (double bins at each workstation) should be acceptable, since paper is the most common recyclable in office areas. We have used this approach in the past.
You should also provide centralized receptacles for the other categories at each floor. The key is to locate collection points near waste sources. For example, put bins for glass, plastic, and metals in common areas and lunchrooms where people use bottles & cans. Gather cardboard in shipping & receiving areas, and collect paper at copy rooms, mailrooms, & offices.
Besides teaching “building users about recycling,” using separate receptacles allows users to “self-sort” at the source and eliminates the need to sort later. However, since you only have one garbage chute, your challenge is to avoid “remixing” recyclables or contaminating recyclables with non-recyclable wastes. You have suggested timing separate drops for each type of waste. You could also use marked bags or other strategies.
In any case, match your strategies to the capabilities of your building operator and your waste hauler’s needs. Many recyclers will allow intermingling of some commodities (for example, plastic & metals).
Approximately a year ago, we documented this credit for a small 3,000 sf (give or take) bank branch. The reviewer required we collect the waste from an average 24 hour period, sort the waste, photograph it, weight it, break it down in to a table, and submit it for approval of the prereq.
I am now documenting a student center at a community college which is approximately 65,000 sf. I don't have the option of collecting, sorting and weighing each of the streams. I will contact the waste management company but in case they don't have the information I need - can I get some ideas on how others have approached this in the last year (they keep changing the requirements it seems - the documentation has gotten significantly more strict each time I've documented this prereq).
Thank you for your help.
Caroline – The reviewers of your former project appear to have forgotten that, in LEED-NC, MRp1 is a Design Phase submittal documented prior to construction. Your review team appears to have imposed EBOMEBOM is an acronym for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance, one of the LEED 2009 rating systems. Waste Stream Audit Credit documentation requirements on your project. The post-occupancy waste stream audit that they required is beyond the normal, pre-occupancy scope of LEED-NC.
LEED-NC requires only a narrative “describing the size, accessibility and dedication and the collection frequency” of recycling provisions. Ideally, the design of recycling facilities should be based on volume estimates from a Solid Waste Assessment or similar study performed during early design & programming. For the two MRp1 submittals that I have been involved with in the past year, such a narrative was all that reviewers required.
On your branch bank, my guess is that your narrative did not convince the reviewers that the sizing of your facilities had been studied sufficiently during design. For your student center, find out if the design team did such a study. If not, work with your Owner & their waste service to evaluate your project’s anticipated needs (and justify its design) based on volumes at similar, existing facilities. Citing recommendations from the LEED Reference Guide (based solely on building SF) is not enough anymore.
You may not need a study if your owner has an established waste hauling contract that includes that includes recycling (which is likely in a university setting). You will need to provide information on the how their contract works, that the owner is committed to the recycling effort and what happens when things are 'full'. See my response below on 10/2013 for additional information.
Susan – Excellent suggestion! The important point is to demonstrate that the recycling provisions are not arbitrary, but that they come from kind of quantification based on building use and waste contractor capabilities. If you don’t show the methodology used to size the facilities, you risk tempting reviewers to prescribe their own.
The audit that reviewers required for the branch bank must have been a challenge. Institutions that handle cash &/or confidential documents typically follow stringent policies to secure, manage, shred, & remove trash. An initial narrative describing these procedures and projecting waste/recycle volumes might have satisfied the reviewers.
It was interesting (and frustrating) because it was the exact same information we had provided for a different branch for the same company a year prior - which was accepted without question. We included the waste hauler's contract amount, the shredder/recycler's contract amount, etc. The requested information from the reviewer was pretty extreme. Thankfully it was a small project and we were able to comply with their request! I'll do a search and see if I can find a narrative for a college campus situation.
Thank you both for your response.
Contract dollar amounts may not be so relevant. To justify the space allotted for recycling storage, focus on estimated volumes, sizes & quantities of trash & recycling dumpsters, and frequency of pick-up. Your client’s waste hauling service might stipulate these provisions in their contract based on their experience with similar buildings. Keep in mind that their estimates for a student center might differ considerably from the waste/recycling projections that they would make for a classroom building. If such a contract is not in place already for your building, try asking your client to seek recycling estimates from their waste hauler.
I'm now working on a Group Project certification under LEED 2009 NC.
The Group is made of 3 separate buildings with a common basement dedicated to parking use.
We're planning to locate the recyclables storage area in the basement, one space that serves the 3 buildings.
Recyclables shall be delivered from each building by means an electrical vehicle (the moving operations will take place exclusively in the basement)
Vehicles of Public Authority, in charge to pick up recyclables and not recyclables, (separated) may access to the basement (through a dedicated and protected lane).
From your point of view, assuming an adequate sizing of the collection area, might this solution be compliant with the requirement?
See my answer below to Christina.
In terms of this specific situation, I would ask how recyclables are being collected prior to being moved to the central storage location? I would consider emphasizing that in your documentation.
We have a 3-story classroom building for a community college. We originally designated a portion of the main mechanical room on the ground floor as the building recycling collection and storage area. The mechanical engineers are now claiming the entire mechanical room and are offering a trade for a mechanical space on the 3rd floor. The travel distance from the proposed recycling collection to the elevator is 62 feet (door to door). Once on the ground floor, the travel distance from the elevator to the exterior door is 60 feet. Is this option worth exploring, or will the reviewers flag us for "accessible location"? Thanks in advance.
Christina, there are no hard and fast rules around this. The key thing is what will really be workable for your specific project. Is this a usable space in terms of how recycling will be collected on this project?
We are doing a project with an IT office complex. The largest possible waste stream is E-Waste, food and paper. We do not see much potential for glass and metal waste streams. So we are thinking of eliminating those insignificant waste streams in our calculation to estimate the required waste storage area and add E-Waste and Food waste streams in to the equation.
In doing so we calculated a worst case scenario of about 5 tons of waste per month. And now we have a challenge of converting this waste amount in to floor area requirement.
Q1: Please give your comments on our approach that I have described above. Do you think we are thinking correctly on this matter?
Q2: Please give your advise on converting the waste quantities to required storage space (area). Is there any rules of thumbs or standards for this?
Magda, you do need to provide space adequate for the designated waste types stated in the LEED requirements, even if you don't think you will be producing them.
However, you do have discretion in allocating space. For guidance, I would recommend reading LEEDuser's guidance above, and reviewing the forum here.
not sure which credit to put this question under. but not sure if the recycle room needs to be exhausted to the exterior - per IEQc5?
Michael, please post this question under our IEQc5 forum.
Could someone please clarify the following for me? Am I interpreting the language correctly to require:
- (1) designated recycling storage area, sized appropriately based on the recommended sf in the reference guide in addition to other smaller collection and storage areas through the building; so in effect, I need (1) designated space at a certain sf, rather than designing for that same sf in aggregate for the project
- Our project is a small new building/addition that physically connects to another existing building that already has a large space designated and used for collection and storage. Can I claim this space as the designated recycling storage, or am I required to provide a storage location within our LEED project boundary?
I believe you can use this central area as part of your recycling plan. However, you'll need to prove that this existing area meets the requirements for all areas served. In other words, your project plus the existing building plus any other building that uses it to collect recycling. I've done this in our hospital projects and we have to address the capacity at the loading dock frequently as well as collection from the project site to the loading dock.
I have two hotel projects(190K & 98K) which will be filed as two separate LEED projects that have a combined cellar. As per reference guide sizing guideline, do I have to provide two individual centralized locations (275 SF minimum each) to meet credit intent, or can I provide one (500 SF) room to meet the prerequisite requirement for both projects?
Jesus, the first FAQ above relates to this. The collection point for recycling does not have to be within your LEED project boundary, as long as it is an accessible and sensible location for the project. And, the sizing recommendations are just recommendations—again, see the FAQs. So I would make the right choice for the buildings first, and then explain it in a LEED narrative.
I am working on a large development that has several buildings that are greater than 500,000 sf. Is there a good recommendation out there, in addition to the City of Seattle document, that clarifies how much recycling area I should set aside? For instance, I was hoping to be more specific than just 500 sf (as noted in the City of Seattle recommendation for projects over 200,001 sf). Also, the Reference Guide mentions that the City of Seattle has recommendations for commercial and residential spaces but the Table in the Reference Guide seems to just be for Commercial. Can someone help to point me in the direction of Residential guidelines for recycling?
Thanks so much!
I am usually able to find this information out by contacting the company that is responsible for picking up recycling in the area. They spend a bit of time with me discussing the size of the project, the use, the projected number of occupants and any unique aspects. Once they have this information, they then run some calculations and give me a count of bins or size of a larger bin and ideas for storage within the building. From what I've seen through my certifications and research, the USGBC doesn't seem to have a requirement for per person (if someone has seen a requirement somewhere, I'd love the link!), they just want to know that the Owner understands their waste stream and makes it easy to recycle/reuse.
Can the "dedicated space" be a space set aside in part of a bigger "back of house" service room (near loading dock)? Or does it actually have to be its own room with nothing else but collecting bins?
Michael, it does not have to be a dedicated room with four walls. It can be a dedicated space within a larger space. Something that you can show on your floor plan, and demarcate somehow.
We are pursuing LEED v2.2.
Our project have five separate residential building.
We will provide recycling area where each building entrance. But we don't know how much area is needed.
For LEED reference guide, it mention about commercial case only.
So, should I follow commercial case?
Please help me~~
Here's a California source that discusses residential generation rates...
You do not need to follow the LEED Reference Guide, but rather describe and defend your volume.
We planned to apply LEED for a factory which has a recycle yard. The yard is openned and will be used to sort the wast for recycling without any clear boundary of waste types. Will this comply with this credit.
If not, can we used the metal wire fence to create the 5-type waste zone which can be locked and secured. Will this help to comply?
It may be important to make recycling easier, and clearer, for building user's too. You should be able to identify on a floor plan where recyclables are collected on the interior, and then stored on the exterior. If the plan is for comingledA process of recycling materials that allows consumers to dispose of various materials (such as paper, cardboard, plastic, and metal) in one container that is separate from waste. The recyclable materials are not sorted until they are collected and brought to a sorting facility. recycling, there may be no need for fencing separating the types.
Has anyone found baseline data for amount of recycling generated in an office? To fill out the sample narrative provided in the Documentation Toolkit I have been looking for baseline numbers for recycling generated in an office (specifically a call center), such as pounds per employee per day. The CalRecycle website only seems to have data from the 1990's (http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/wastechar/WasteGenRates/Commercial.htm) and I am having a hard time finding another measured data on the amount of recycling or waste produced.
Yes the CalREcycle and other sources all use weight now - I remember in LEED v2 systems we had info on volumes broken down by all kinds of users like 1.1 cu ft paper/person/week. But I cannot locate my old reference materials ARGH! And the reviewer doesn't seem to see all the empty space in my hoteling office location available for future recyclable storage. The reviewer requests have become pretty frustrating on this subject given that we don't even have to provide the service...
Is there any reference about recycling area recommendation for general healthcare facilities in relation to square foot?, # of pacient?, health departments? or anyone has ever conduct calculations for waste stream for LEED HC (waste generation ratio). Thank you .
Maybe you can find something useful here:
The healthcare industry is all over this! First, look at the 2010 Facility Guideline Institute which is the healthcare guideline book. If you're doing a Hospital in the US, you already have this book. Second, check out Practice Greenhealth and the old Green Guide for Healthcare may also have something (LEED HC pilot). The best thing is to work with the materials management people at the hospital and understand what their waste is currently, what their waste streams are and then ask about their red bag waste as a percentage of their total waste stream. (If this is high, then reducing this can produce the savings to implement something else waste related.) Instead of applying a generality, work with the hospital on where they are at now.
Are you at the planning stage or trying to prove that the current conditions meet the capacity of the expansion? Most facilities have a limited loading dock situation that is not being impacted by the expansion project. They also have more flexible haul contracts with their waste haulers. We've successfully used this to earn the pre-req in hospital projects.
Thank Susan , and thank you Nadia as whell , currently we are at the planning stage of the project trying to give a real projection of what magnitude of waste will be , and i have already check de FGI guidelines and the other webpages you recommend, but i have not work yet with the tips you gave me about fieldwork and haulers, that is going to be my next step.
I would like to know if you agree with me about using the following references for waste generation calculations i've found (Nadia links ) from www.calrecycle.ca.gov and other hospital studies:
hospitals produce 0.0108 tons/sq ft /year
33.8 pounds /bed/day
I hope this is a correct aproach.
I would like if it's possible to sort plastic waste with other banal (common? I don't know the english word) industrial waste ? Or do we need a specific garbage ?
Thank you in advance for your answer,
Héloïse COUVERT - ETAMINE
The more recyclables collection the better; you just have to affirm the minimum 5 types (paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics, metals) are able to be collected. Comingling of recyclables is fine.
I was wondering if post industrial waste is included by default in the recycling plan required by the MR prerequisite. If it didn't, adding this waste to a comprehensive plan may be an option for an innovation in design credit, would you agree?
Nadia, a recycling plan is not required for MRp1 so any kind of plan already goes beyond the prereq.
Your best bet would be to use one of the LEED-EBOM solid waste management credits as a model, and either stick with the scope of one or more of those credits, or expand on it, using similar methodology.
Based on review of CIRs and the comments on this forum I think our approach to this prerequisite would be acceptable, but I thought I'd see if anyone else out there wanted to weigh in. The project is a multi-story adaptive reuseAdapted reuse is the renovation of a space for a purpose different from the original. apartment project with a very long footprint composed of a 6-story tower with two-story wings on either side. We plan to provide a centrally located recycling dumpster outside the building behind the tower (in the vicinity of one of the general waste dumpsters), with adjacent access from the building for all occupants. A collection bin would be provided for each apartment unit for collection of comingledA process of recycling materials that allows consumers to dispose of various materials (such as paper, cardboard, plastic, and metal) in one container that is separate from waste. The recyclable materials are not sorted until they are collected and brought to a sorting facility. recyclables, and the residents would take their bin when full to the central exterior dumpster, which would be picked up on a weekly basis. Does this approach meet the intent of the prerequsite? Any input is appreciated; thanks!
Sounds good to me. Our multifamily strategies are similar. Keep in mind for documentation that reviewers now are most interested in metrics and the collection process inside the building, not just the dumpster enclosure SF and location on site. They'll want to know how much volume of recycling is expected and how big the containers are, along with the process and frequency you've described above. We have been getting our volume estimates from the future waste vendor.
We are working with a University that collects everything but Glass however that is detailed out in the special circumstances. Without checking the box marked for "Glass" in the form, it is not recognizing compliance. Does anyone know if we need to just mark it and rely on the explanation in the dialog box for reviewer documentation? Otherwise, it doesn't appear that we can check the status as "complete" in order to submit.....
I think you have identified the correct process and necessary steps. Be sure your narrative is clear and mentions if co-mingled collection is occurring.
There was LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. about this- #1803 "Given the location and infrastructure of your project,you will not be required to collect these materials that you cannot recycle. However, it should be noted that even if recycling does not exist [...] in the geographical area, space must be provided in the building in anticipation of recycling resources becoming available in the future. Please be sure to include a narrative with your submittal describing your recycling efforts[...]"
In the floor plan, is it required to document the recycling areas as paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics and metals specifically or just designating as recycled areas in floor plan will be suffice for submission for this credit. Please let me know.
It's in your best interest to be as specific as possible with your documentation. That being said, if you're using co-mingled recycling, then you wouldn't need separate collection areas anyway.
How do we address the expected volume of recycling for the building question? This is a question we received recently on a design review, and I'm not certain how to address. Are there any good references? Or should it be a general statement that 'recycling receptacles have been provided to meet the expected needs of the occupant, collection frequency or the size of bins may be addressed for any additional or reduced needs'...
We have come across this same issue lately and it seems some reviewers/cases do want specific volume/capacity approximations.
If the hauler can't give a volume approximation, a way you might be able to do it (not sure if easiest or best at all) is a combination of resources from California Integrated Waste Management Board (Diversion % by Industry Groups http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/Publications/Disposal/34106006.pdf and Disposal Rates by Biz http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/wastechar/DispRate.htm ) along with a Volume-to-Weight Conversion http://www.recyclemaniacs.org/doc/measurement-tracking/conversions.pdf
It seems there should be a better resource out there?... would like to know as well if anyone has used!
Is this credit specifically for office waste or all waste streams?
I’m working on a large industrial factory building, and whilst the operator has a policy of recycling materials from the manufacturing process this is a very different process to the occupant-led recycling facilities and plan.
Would in internal layout drawing need to show the recycling areas on the factory floor?
The prerequisite requires a description and drawing that shows the "dedicated recycling storage areas" that are used to collect "paper; corrugated cardboard; glass; plastics; metals"; this may be quite different than the manufacturing process that reclaims pre-consumer material for reuse/recycling.
Our project is a campus of buildings in a remote, isolated hotel resort. Employees live within the LEED boundary. We will have a centralized storage area within the LEED boundary. We will document this with the plan and volume calcs based on occupancy of resort and employees. According to your synopsis above, this shoudl be sufficient. I want to make sure that we do not also have to supply designated storage areas within each individual building.
Depending on the size of the individual buildings, the reviewers may require you to provide designated storage areas with individual buildings that generate a large volume of waste. A main guest lodge with kitchen and dining facilities, for example, would probably need to have its own designated storage area. For other buildings the most important thing is to provide a narrative describing the waste management plan that explains how recyclables are being separated from other waste, collected on site, stored, and then where they go.
Since guest rooms or small outbuildings are probably maintained by housekeeping staff, it might be acceptable to have two labeled waste bins in a room - one for all recyclables, and one for other landfill trash. The narrative will need to describe who collects these, how often, where they are taken, how they are sorted and stored, etc.
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