NC-2009 SSc4.3: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles

  • NC_SSc4-3_Type1_LowEmittingVehicles Diagram
  • Promote use of high-efficiency vehicles

    This credit is focused on limiting environmental impacts from automobile use. It targets commuting specifically, but also addresses company vehicle fleets, maintenance vehicles, and buses.

    If your project has substantial parking area, you may find the requirements of this credit to be low-hanging fruit, because you should easily be able to designate preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy., which is one option. There are other options for compliance, all of varying difficulty and requiring varying levels of commitment from the project owner.

    Pick a path and go with it

    It’s wise to choose your compliance path early in the process, especially since some of the options require infrastructure development such as alternative fueling stations. 

    LE/FE vehicle signageMake sure that you base your choice on the likelihood that building occupants will take advantage of the resources you provide. While this is not often done, surveying occupants or prospective occupants is a good way to determine which strategy is likely to have the highest impact.

    A range of options

    Option 1: Providing preferred parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles is by far the most cost-effective option for projects that have onsite parking managed by the building ownership. “Preferred” is defined as easy to access (such as close to building entrances), or available at a discounted price.

    Option 2: Providing onsite alternative fueling stations for 3% of total vehicle parking capacity is a bit more involved and potentially more expensive. The most readily accessible strategy here is providing plug outlets for electric cars. 

    Option 3: Providing low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicles for 3% of FTE occupants along with preferred parking for these vehicles may be the most expensive approach to this credit. If a project already maintains a fleet of vehicles, however, then low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles can be substituted at no added cost—possibly even at a cost savings. 

    Parking signageOption 4: Implementing a vehicle-sharing program with provision for designated parking for shared vehicles may be best integrated into residential or campus project programming.   

    Parking is not a prerequisite

    Projects that do not provide onsite parking can still earn this credit by pursuing Option 4 and implementing a low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicle-sharing program (many residential projects prefer this option). Projects may also earn the credit by pursuing Option 2, providing alternative fueling stations onsite.

    Signage matters

    Parking signage for this credit must typically include the terms "Low-Emitting" and/or 'Fuel-Efficient," with the only exceptions being "Zero Emissions Vehicles" or "ACEEE 40+." Signage using solely terms like "Alternative Fuel Vehicles," "Hybrid Vehicles," or "Electric Vehicles" is not sufficient, because some hybrid vehicles, etc., do not meet the LE/FE definition, and vice versa.

  • Don't double-count parking spaces

    If your project is pursuing both SSc4.3 and SSc4.4, be careful not to double-count preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces allotted for those credits. The total number of preferred parking spaces must be equal to those required for SSc4.3, plus those required for SSc4.4. The same parking space cannot count for both credits (although they do not have to be distinguished through signage).

  • FAQs for SSc4.3

    Do all hybrid vehicles automatically qualify for this credit?

    No. The qualifying list rates vehicles for fuel efficiency as well as emissions. Most—but not all—hybrids meet the criteria. There are also non-hybrid cars that qualify for the credit. Always check the most up-to-date list for qualifying vehicles. The list is long and inclusive.

    Can a project pursue this credit via a combination of Option 1 (preferred parking) and Option 2 (alternative fueling stations)?

    This would probably be approved by LEED, depending on specifics, but you would need to get an official ruling—either a  CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide or LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org..

    How should the signage read for preferred parking spaces?

    Neither USGBC or GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). has provided a mandatory signage design, but there has been consistent guidance indicating that one or more of the following terms must be on the sign:

    • Low-Emitting
    • Fuel-Efficient
    • Zero Emissions
    • ACEEE 40+

    Some project teams have struggled with this because they think it does not clearly convey the concept to occupants, but nonetheless, this has been the pattern of review comments from GBCI. For projects that want to use additional terms, they may use one of more of the above terms, in combination with any of the following terms.

    • Alternative Fuel Vehicles
    • Hybrid Vehicles
    • Electric Vehicles

    These terms are not sufficient on their own, however, as not all hybrid vehicles are low-emitting, for example.

    For electric vehicle charging stations, how are the parameters established for fueling capacity?

    Typically credit is given for each available preferred parking spot with a separate charging plug. If a charging station provides a fast charge and the project wants to have that reflected in its credit calculations, then the project team should provide evidence from both the charging system manufacturer and the building or parking management showing that the logistics of allowing multiple vehicles to share a single charging station will be managed accordingly.

    I am working on a project with no parking spaces allocated. Can I earn this credit?

    Yes, some projects have earned this credit with a regional car-sharing program that locates a publicly accessible car share vehicle adjacent to the project site.

    Our project is outside the U.S., and the LEED-approved ACEEE Green Score and CARB ratings and classifications don't apply to many vehicles. Is there another approach that is accepted?

    In Brazil projects can benefit from the approval of a regional program in LEED Interpretation #10230. Projects in Europe may use vehcicles meeting the Euro 6 limit values of Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007.

    For other locations, GBCI's policy is that until a global alternative compliance path (ACP) or LEED Interpretation comes out, proposals for non-standard approaches must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis by individual review teams. This means that some LEED projects may be able to create a successful approach, and some might have difficulty—a situation that is consistent with what LEEDuser has heard about LEED review comments.

    Should I consider motorbikes and parking spaces for them under this credit? What about fleet vehicles?

    Fleet vehicle and storage spaces—for example, spaces for school buses, military vehicles, rental cars, or tractor trailers—are not counted in the number of total parking spaces, but commuter spaces are counted, including those dedicated to atypical vehicles such as motorcycles.

    According to GBCI, an "atypical" vehicle used for commuting, such as a motorcycle, should be counted the same as a "standard" passenger car parking space.  The amount of preferred parking provided should be distributed evenly among the various parking space types.

    For example, if 40% of the project’s parking is for motorcycles, 60% of the total parking is for standard passenger vehicles, and 10 preferred spaces are required to earn the credit, the preferred spaces should be distributed such that four preferred spaces (40%) are provided for motorcycles and six preferred spaces (60%) are provided for passenger vehicles.

Legend

  • Best Practices
  • Gotcha
  • Action Steps
  • Cost Tip

Pre-Design

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  • Pick the best of the four compliance path options for attaining this credit:

    • Option 1: Provide either preferred parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles for 5% of total parking capacity or a discounted parking rate (at least 20%) for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles. 
    • Option 2: Install alternative fueling stations for 3% of parking capacity.
    • Option 3: Provide low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles for 3% of FTE building occupants with designated preferred parking for these vehicles. 
    • Option 4: Institute a low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle-sharing program.

  • Costs for each option are very different, and occur at different times. Don't forget to factor in infrastructure development, administration costs, procurement costs, and maintenance and upkeep costs. For example, installing fueling stations is much more expensive than providing preferred parking spaces with signage.


  • Simply providing preferred parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles is the easiest way to comply with this credit. It is also a low-cost option.   


  • Consider the feasibility of each option based on your site location. Is your project located in a dense urban environment where most people commute to work via mass transit, or are you in a suburban or rural area where most people drive to work, and may appreciate a vehicle-sharing program? Also consider things like whether there are alternative-fuel vehicles used by occupants or whether occupants tend to use low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles. Are HOV (high-occupancy vehicle) lanes available? These types of questions will help to determine an appropriate approach to this credit.  


  • Consider the preference of building occupants so as not to dedicate resources to programs or infrastructure that will remain idle and not serve their intended audience. Is the organizational culture such that employees would appreciate such amenities? Depending on the building type, building occupants can be surveyed to assess the demand for amenities relating to low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles. If you are planning on providing alternative-fuel refueling stations, assess what kind of fuel is preferred.


  • If the project team is committed to creating a comprehensive transportation management plan to qualify for an Exemplary Performance point through IDc1, dedicating the resources upfront to develop and implement a vehicle-sharing program makes sense, as it will be folded into the broader transportation plan.


  • A residential building in a dense urban area that does not have parking facilities may favor a vehicle-sharing program as a way of attracting new tenants and earning the credit at the same time. 


  • The same parking space cannot contribute to both SSc4.3 and SSc4.4 by being designated for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles (SSc4.3) and carpools or vanpools (SSc4.4).   

Schematic Design

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  • Refer to the California Air Resources Board Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) list and to the American Council for an Energy Efficiency Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide to determine which vehicles are classified as low-emitting and fuel-efficient. (See Resources.)


  • Hybrid and electric vehicles are not the only ones considered low-emitting and fuel-efficient. Many common gasoline vehicles with mileage efficiency of 21 mpg and above also meet that description depending on their make, model, fuel efficiency and emissions. 


  • “Preferred parking” refers to parking spaces near the building entrance or to discounted parking rates (minimum 20% discount), which must be offered to all eligible parking customers. Preferred parking is separate from, and should not be confused with disabled parking. Preferred spaces should be broken out evenly for the various types of parking spaces that are provided in the project—automobiles, trailers, compact cars, etc. Spaces for vehicles integal to the facilities process such as fleet or "inventory" vehicles can be excluded from calculations.


  • In a parking-garage, look to the location of disabled parking spaces for guidance on what is “preferred.” This may be on the lowest floor, or it may be closest to stairwells or elevators spread out over multiple floors.   


  • If it is not possible to reserve designated parking spaces close to the main entrance for LE and FE vehicles, comply by offering discounted rates for parking through coupons, vouchers, or other similar incentive programs. 


  • Some past projects have been able to designate preferred parking spaces in off-site parking areas attributed to the project that were not within the LEED scope or boundary, as long as they were within one-quarter mile of the project's main entrance or serviced by a shuttle. These preferred spaces had to be reserved for LEED project building occupants only. Project teams with similar circumstances need to consult with GBCI to see if taking a similar approach is allowed.


  • Since there are no “LEED police” to check compliance with parking rules after a project’s completion, it is the project owner’s responsibility to meet the intent of the credit throughout the operations phase using the honor system. Some owners choose to screen occupants’ cars and distribute stickers to those that are allowed to park in designated preferred-parking spaces.


  •  Option 1: Provide Preferred Parking


  • Calculate the total vehicle parking capacity of the site and allocate 5% of it for preferred parking spaces for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles.  


  • Calculations should be based on the parking spaces associated with the building pursuing LEED certification plus any additional parking included in the LEED boundary. Options 1 and 2 relate to total parking spaces included onsite within the LEED boundary while Options 3 and 4 relate to vehicles for project occupants. If parking for the building is offsite, it must be included in credit calculations. If some of the parking is onsite and some offsite, confirm the appropriate approach to the situation with GBCI.


  • Alternatively, if the LEED boundary includes a multi-story garage that serves multiple buildings in addition to the LEED project, all the parking spaces within the LEED boundary must be included for calculations even if only a portion of the parking area is expected to be for the project building’s use. 


  • If designating parking spaces is not desirable, the credit can be achieved by providing a discounted parking rate of at least 20% for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles.  


  • Option 2: Refueling Stations


  • Incorporate alternative fueling stations into your plan early in the design stage. 


  • Calculate the total vehicle parking capacity of the site and install alternative fuel stations for at least 3% of that capacity. 


  • Fueling stations can be as simple as an electric-car charging outlet in a parking garage, but they must be designed to support street-legal, long-range vehicles (not electric golf carts, for example).


  • If installing a electric car-charger, install a 240V conductive power supply (or inductive charger). The emerging market for electric vehicles is expected to require J-1772-compliant outlets, which need a 240V power supply.


  • To assess the demand (potential or future) for alternative fueling stations, conduct surveys to determine the alternative fuel most likely to be used by future building occupants. Consider polling future building occupants via email or a paper survey.


  • Research local code requirements and standards that may apply to installing fueling stations on your project site, including building, fire and electrical codes. Also look into relevant equipment, upkeep, and maintenance of refueling stations.  


  • Project teams should carefully consider available technologies and different fuel sources before installing fueling stations. There are also legal, technical, and safety issues to take into account and deal with early in the process: 

    • Look at the kind of liability that is associated with installing these fueling stations on your project site. 
    • Look at fuel availability and compare the price and requirements of installing fueling stations for different kinds of fuels. Cost will vary depending on the type of fuel and the complexity of installation. 
    • Consider the fueling and charging characteristics of each type of fuel that you are considering. Natural gas fueling facilities, for example, consist of one or more gas compressors, a compressed gas storage tank, and gas dispensing equipment. If you are using another kind of alternative fuel, the equipment requirements may be different, affecting cost and feasibility. 
    • Consider health and safety aspects that may be linked to each alternative fuel option. For example, electric vehicles with batteries should generally be charged in a well-ventilated area.  
    • Consider how easy or difficult it will be for operations personnel to maintain the stations.

  • For liquid fuels like biodiesel and ethanol, provide storage and safe handling procedures for fueling stations. Research a variety of fuels that may be made available to the project occupants. 


  • Providing alternative fueling stations may have significant cost implications, though the popularity of alternative-fuel vehicles is slowly working to make them more cost-competitive. 


  • The project owner may choose to sell the alternative fuel to the public in addition to providing it to building occupants.


  • The costs of installing and maintaining alternative fueling stations should be weighed against the anticipated use of the facilities and the environmental benefits that can accrue from it. 


  • Option 3: Provide Low-Emitting Vehicles and Preferred Parking for Occupants


  • Calculate the total number of FTE occupants in the building to determine the number of low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles to purchase as well as the number of preferred parking spaces to provide. 


  • To calculate FTE occupants, use a standard eight-hour occupancy period. An FTE, therefore, has a value of one (8 ÷ 8). Each part-time staff occupant has a value of the number of hours of occupancy divided by eight (e.g., 4 ÷ 8 = ½ FTE). It follows that the total number of staff FTEs equals the total number of staff hours divided by eight.


  • Maintain consistency in the number of FTEs across all LEED credits.


  • Refer to the ACEEE list for eligible vehicles. (See Resources.)


  • Simple electrical outlets do not constitute vehicle-charging stations. Electrical charging stations have distinct hardware for vehicle charging. If providing electrical vehicles for the fleet, these charging stations should be available to those vehicles. 


  • Allowing adequate lead time is important in this option, as alternate-fuel vehicles may take longer to order and purchase. Communicate with procurement officers as early as possible in the planning process. 


  • For companies that provide vehicles for employee use, consider “greening your fleet” by purchasing vehicles qualified as low-emitting and fuel-efficient. Project teams should carefully consider available technologies and different fuel sources before purchasing vehicles. 


  • The setup costs for this option may be considerable. 


  • Research tax incentives offered by federal, state, or local governments for purchasing alternative-fuel vehicles. This could help offset some of the initial costs. 


  • Option 4: Vehicle-Sharing Program


  • Implement a vehicle-sharing program in which one low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle is provided per 3% of FTE occupants. This works out to one vehicle for every 267 FTE occupants, assuming that one shared vehicle can serve eight people. (The number of vehicles required equals the total number of FTEs divided by 267—see the Documentation Toolkit for a calculator.) At a minimum, one vehicle must be provided, regardless of the number of occupants in the building.  


  • All cars included in the vehicle-sharing program must be qualified as low-emitting or fuel-efficient by ACEEE. 


  • The program also must have a minimum two-year contract and designated preferred parking for the shared vehicles. 


  • Try negotiating a special contract with a vehicle-sharing company for low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicles.

Design Development

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  • Design your building to include transportation amenities such as preferred parking for low-emitting vehicles or alternative fueling stations, depending on your chosen option. 


  • Option 4: LE or FE vehicle-sharing program


  • Look at existing vehicle-sharing programs in your area.


  • If none are available, locate vendors that can develop a program to manage a low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle fleet.

Construction Documents

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  • Indicate the locations of all preferred parking spaces on site plans, along with requirements for signage. 


  • If providing alternative-fueling stations, make sure the construction documents include all required specs.  

Construction

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  • Install markings on preferred parking spaces. These can include a sign, striping or both.  


  • Complete the LEED Online credit form, and provide the following supporting documentation, as applicable:

    • Drawings or a site plan that indicates the location and number of preferred parking spaces or alternative-fueling stations. 
    • If discounted parking is offered, provide information about the program and explain how the information is disseminated to building occupants. 
    • Sample signage for preferred parking.
    • Equipment cut sheets and product information for alternative-fueling stations. 
    • Vehicle product information for low-emitting and fuel-efficient cars provided to employees. Include make, model number, and fuel type. 
    • If a vehicle-sharing program is put in place, prepare information about the program, including statistics about users, contracts, and other relevant information.

Operations & Maintenance

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  • Continued compliance with the spirit of this credit is largely based on the honor system and the integrity of building management and users. To ensure that preferred parking policies are respected, consider the following strategies:

    • Wherever preferred parking is provided, post signage that identifies preferred parking or alternative-fuel stations.
    • Signage can be as noticeable or discreet as desired, but must clearly demarcate preferred spaces as such. 
    • A sticker program can be implemented to identify cars that qualify to park in preferred parking spaces. 
    • Provide information about the parking program via appropriate channels for your project.
    • Post information about the parking program in entryways and in public areas. 

  • Make sure that operations and maintenance personnel (or a vendor, if involved) are set up to maintain the alternative fueling stations. Provide them with all required information about safety and maintenance procedures.


  • Building staff will also spend time administering the various parking programs: preferred parking, discounted parking, or vehicle-sharing. Procedures and policies for their use must be developed, along with enforcement mechanisms. 

  • USGBC

    Excerpted from LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations

    SS Credit 4.3: Alternative transportation - low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles

    3 Points

    Intent

    To reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use.

    Requirements

    Option 1: Preferred or discounted parking

    Provide preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system.1 for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.2 for 5% of the total vehicle parking capacity of the site. Providing a discounted parking rate is an acceptable substitute for preferred parking for low-emitting/fuel-efficient vehicles. To establish a meaningful incentive in all potential markets, the parking rate must be discounted at least 20%. The discounted rate must be available to all customers (i.e., not limited to the number of customers equal to 5% of the vehicle parking capacity), publicly posted at the entrance of the parking area and available for a minimum of 2 years.

    OR

    Option 2: Alternative fuel

    Install alternative-fuel fueling stations for 3% of the total vehicle parking capacity of the site. Liquid or gaseous fueling facilities must be separately ventilated or located outdoors.

    OR

    Option 3: Provide vehicles

    Provide low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles for 3% of full-time equivalentFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 40 hours per week in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per week divided by 40. Multiple shifts are included or excluded depending on the intent and requirements of the credit. (FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories.) occupants.

    Provide preferred parking for these vehicles.

    OR

    Option 4: Vehicle sharing program

    Provide building occupants access to a low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle-sharing program. The following requirements must be met:

    • One low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle must be provided per 3% of FTE occupants, assuming that 1 shared vehicle can carry eight persons (i.e., 1 vehicle per 267 FTE occupants). For buildings with fewer than 267 FTE occupants, at least 1 low emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle must be provided.
    • A vehicle-sharing contract must be provided that has an agreement of at least two years.
    • The estimated number of customers served per vehicle must be supported by documentation.
    • A narrative explaining the vehicle-sharing program and its administration must be submitted.
    • Parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles must be located in the nearest available spaces in the nearest available parking area. Provide a site plan or area map clearly highlighting the walking path from the parking area to the project site and noting the distance.
    • 1For the purposes of this credit “preferred parking” refers to the parking spots that are closest to the main entrance of the project (exclusive of spaces designated for handicapped persons) or parking passes provided at a discounted price. To establish a meaningful incentive in all potential markets, the parking rate must be discounted at least 20%. The discounted rate must be available to all eligible customers (i.e. not limited to the number of customers equal to 5% of the vehicle parking capacity), publicly posted at the entrance of the parking area, and available for a minimum of 2 years.

      2For the purposes of this credit, low-emitting vehiclesLow-emitting vehicles are classified as zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by the California Air Resources Board. are defined as vehicles that are classified as Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVZero-emission vehicles.) by the California Air Resources Board. Fuel-efficient vehicles are defined as vehicles that have achieved a minimum green score of 40 on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide [Europe ACP: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles] [South America ACP: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles].

      Alternative Compliance Paths (ACPs)

      Europe ACP: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles

      Projects in Europe may use vehicles meeting the Euro 6 limit values of Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007.

      South America ACP: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles

      Vehicles in South America may qualify as low-emitting and fuel-efficient by meeting both of the following conditions:

    1. A score of Four Stars or above from IBAMA (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis - Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources) Nota Verde Program.
    2. An A from INMETRO (Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia - National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology) Brazilian Labeling Program for Vehicles.

    Potential Technologies & Strategies

    Provide transportation amenities such as alternative-fuel refueling stations. Consider sharing the costs and benefits of refueling stations with neighbors.

    FOOTNOTES

    1 For the purposes of this credit “preferred parking” refers to the parking spots that are closest to the main entrance of the project (exclusive of spaces designated for handicapped persons) or parking passes provided at a discounted price. To establish a meaningful incentive in all potential markets, the parking rate must be discounted at least 20%. The discounted rate must be available to all eligible customers (i.e. not limited to the number of customers equal to 5% of the vehicle parking capacity), publicly posted at the entrance of the parking area, and available for a minimum of 2 years.

    2 For the purposes of this credit, low-emitting vehiclesLow-emitting vehicles are classified as zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by the California Air Resources Board. are defined as vehicles that are classified as Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVZero-emission vehicles.) by the California Air Resources Board. Fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. are defined as vehicles that have achieved a minimum green score of 40 on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide.

Web Tools

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

ACEEE is an online, searchable green car guide based on an evaluation of fuel efficiency and tailpipe emissions. It also offers hardcopies of Green Guide to Cars and Trucks, an annual publication of the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.

Publications

California Air Resources Board, Cleaner Car Guide

CARBThe California Air Resources Board, part of the state government, is charged with maintaining clean air. This agency is unique at the state level: California was the only state that had such an agency before the passage of the federal Clean Air Act, and was allowed to keep it. has developed a comprehensive, searchable buyer’s guide to finding the cleanest cars on the market. The guide also lists advantages clean vehicles offer.


Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology

The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology offers a useful guide to fuel cells and hydrogen in vehicles. 


Rocky Mountain Institute Transportation Page

This website offers information on the environmental impact of transportation and extensive information about Hypercar vehicles.


Union of Concerned Scientists, Clean Vehicle Program

This site provides information about the latest developments in alternative vehicles, the environmental impact of conventional vehicles, and documents such as the guide Buying a Greener Vehicle: Electric, Hybrids, and Fuel Cells.


U.S. Department of Energy, Fuel Economy

This website offers comparisons of new and used cars and trucks based on gas mileage (mpg), greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution ratings, and safety information.


American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide

A comprehensive list of vehicles that score 40 and above in the rankings. These vehicles are considered LE/FE vehicles. 


List of alternative fuels

A summary of common available alternative fuels in production. 

Technical Guides

Clean Cities Vehicle Buyer’s Guide For Fleets

The Vehicle Buyer’s Guide for Fleets is designed to educate fleet managers and policymakers about alternative fuels and vehicles to help them determine whether the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 affects them. Use the site to determine whether your fleet is covered under EPAct; obtain pricing and technical specifications for light and heavy-duty AFVs; find an alternative fueling station in your area; or research information about state AFV purchasing incentives and laws.

Organizations

Electric Auto Association

This nonprofit education organization promotes the advancement and widespread adoption of electric vehicles.


Electric Drive Transportation Association

Through policy, information, and market development initiatives, this industry association promotes the use of electric vehicles.


National Biodiesel Board

This trade association, representing the biodiesel industry, serves as the coordinating body for biodiesel research and development in the United States. The website provides information on the purchasing, handling, and use of biodiesel fuels.


Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition

The Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition consists of natural gas companies, vehicle and equipment manufacturers, service providers, environmental groups, and government organizations.


U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, Alternative Fuels Data Center

This center provides information on alternative fuels and alternatively fueled vehicles, a locator for alternative fueling stations, and more. Their Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Advanced Technology Vehicle Listing for 2007 can be found online here.

 


City Car Share

Car Share program in the BayA bay is a component of a standard, rectilinear building design. It is the open area defined by a building element such as columns or a window. Typically, there are multiple identical bays in succession. Area – partnering with a program like Car Share may help meet the requirements of a vehicle sharing program. 


Zip Car

Car SharingA system under which multiple households share a pool of automobiles, either through cooperative ownership or through some other mechanism. Service – partnering with a company like Zipcar may help meet the requirements of a vehicle sharing program.

Comprehensive Transportation Management Plan

These sample comprehensive transportation management plans demonstrate how to earn an Exemplary PerformanceIn LEED, certain credits have established thresholds beyond basic credit achievement. Meeting these thresholds can earn additional points through Innovation in Design (ID) or Innovation in Operations (IO) points. As a general rule of thumb, ID credits for exemplary performance are awarded for doubling the credit requirements and/or achieving the next incremental percentage threshold. However, this rule varies on a case by case basis, so check the credit requirements. point under SSc4. 

Site Plan with Preferred Parking

Document preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. with a site plan like this example.

Vehicle Calculator

Option 4

Use this spreadsheet to help calculate the number of low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. you need to provide based on the FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. occupancy.

LEED Online Forms: NC-2009 SS

Sample LEED Online forms for all rating systems and versions are available on the USGBC website.

Design Submittal

PencilDocumentation for this credit can be part of a Design Phase submittal.

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michelle bombeck Project Associate O'Brien & Company
Jul 01 2016
LEEDuser Member
116 Thumbs Up

Discounted Parking Rate - How to implement?

Project Location: United States

I have a large mixed use retail/office project that is interested in using the discounted parking rate option to comply with this credit but is finding logistical issues. The parking garage will be fully automated - push a button for ticket on your way in, pay via machine on your way out. Has anyone implemented the discounted rate approach in this type of situation? How did you do it? Incredibly high tech or costly computer programs are likely not an option for this tightly budgeted project.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jul 05 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Michelle,

I have not come across this personally but have you searched CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide's related to discounted parking to see if there's any additional info already out there? Another option is to set up a call with GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). to review acceptable approaches.

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michelle bombeck Project Associate, O'Brien & Company Jul 05 2016 LEEDuser Member 116 Thumbs Up

Thanks, Marilyn. Yes, an exhaustive search of the Interpretations database, LEEDUser, the web in general, etc. have yielded nothing. I'll work directly with GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). and will post what I find out!

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jul 05 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Great thanks Michelle!

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Vibha Pai Student University of Cincinnati
Jun 25 2016
Guest
73 Thumbs Up

Master's Research Survey

Project Location: United States

I am conducting a survey in affiliation with University of Cincinnati for my Master's thesis which would take just 10-15 minutes of your time. By answering the questions that are relevant to your experience, would help me in giving my research the required depth in understanding the achievability of the credit points in the Material and Resource category of LEED v2009 and v2013.

The following is the link to complete the web based questionnaire.
https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/XR3ZVZN
Thank you in advance for your time!

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Tim Gaidis Sustainable Design Leader HOK
Jun 17 2016
LEEDuser Member
81 Thumbs Up

OPTION 3 METHOD

Project Location: Canada

Hi there, we are working on a project in St John's, Newfoundland and was wondering:

1. For Option 3 does Car SharingA system under which multiple households share a pool of automobiles, either through cooperative ownership or through some other mechanism. only mean renting cars (i.e. Zipcar, Car2Go) or can it also include carpooling for commuters? (“ride sharing”)

2. To meet this credit, we need to provide LEV’s for 3% of FTEs (755 FTEs x 3% = 23) as well as preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces for them. Does CaGBC imply that we need to “buy 23 compliant cars” or just “provide documentation related to 23 compliant cars of FTEs related to this project?

Thanks!

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Michael Johnson Architect Chenevert Architects
Jun 02 2016
LEEDuser Member
1452 Thumbs Up

signage verbage at electric car charging spaces

I feel like im seeing conflicting or vague stuff about the signage for this credit. We are going after the option for SSc4.3 in which electric charging stations are provided for 3% of parking capacity. so do the signs that go in front of these spaces still use the same words: "low-emission/fuel efficient vehicle parking only" or does it need to say something like "electric car charging parking only"? (so that hybrids don't park in a charging station)? or are these all the same thing? I wish under each option they told you EXACTLY what wording to use but in the absence of that im just not positive. please help! thanks

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Heather Holdridge Sustainability Coordinator Lake/Flato Architects
May 27 2016
LEEDuser Member
1877 Thumbs Up

Signage Comment

I submitted for this credit for design preliminary phase review a few weeks ago. The signage we submitted says "LE/FE Preferred." The review comments I received are as follows:

"The signage for the designated parking spaces states that the parking is reserved for "LE/FE," but it is unclear how the proposed signage communicates to the building occupants that the designated parking spaces have been reserved for the exclusive use of low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.. Note that there is no standard symbol or abbreviation that has been accepted to fulfill this requirement, and therefore, the signage must include language (reserved for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles) to convey the reserved status of the parking spaces to the building users. Provide revised signage details and any necessary documentation confirming that the proposed signage program communicates to the building occupants that the designated parking spaces have been reserved for the exclusive use of low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles."

I did not realize that the signage requirements had become so prescriptive -- I have submitted "LE/FE Preferred" in the past and that has been accepted. Has anyone else run into this?

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates May 29 2016 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

We have been using the "reserved" language for years. You may have had lenient reviewers in the past.

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Tim Middleton Technical Manager VILANDCO
May 06 2016
LEEDuser Member
7 Thumbs Up

LE and FE Motorbike Parking

Project Location: Vietnam

Our project is mixed use (retail, residential, hotel) and has parking for 894 cars and 3089 "2 wheeled vehicles" which will be a mix of bicycles, electric bikes and motorbikes but mostly motorbikes.
There is no rating system for low-emission/fuel efficiency in Vietnam, so for the cars we would use the list of LEED-qualified cars. This concept would be new here, but possible.
For "2 wheeled parking", they are inherently FE compared with cars, but it would not be feasible to separate parking based on fuel efficiency between motorbikes. I would like to know if anybody has applied for this credit (Option 1) with motorbike parking before and how they achieved it.
If our project preferred electric bike parking, would that be a reasonable strategy?

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Maria Isabel Conde Owner Aqua Terra (Panama) S.A.
Apr 21 2016
LEEDuser Member
158 Thumbs Up

Preferred parking FE vehicles and VIP parking

Hello,

Our Office HQ project has 4 underground carpark levels. The client wants to have the 1st underground floor reserved for VIP parking. We would like to pursue the preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. option with fuel efficient vehicles which should be (according to interpretation) located as the shortest combined driving distance from the parking garage entrance and walking distance to building's main entrance - which is 1st underground floor where VIP parking occupies the space.

What should be our approach here; would it be acceptable to make 5% of VIP spaces as FE vehicles and push all other FE vehicles to the 2nd basement floor? Or LEED will not accept that VIPs are located as "more preferred" (on the upper basement level) than the majority of FE vehicles for standard parking lots?

Thanks

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Apr 21 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Maria,

I have not had direct experience with VIP FE parking however I would guess that the preference would be to have all FE vehicles as the same amount of "preferred" for all employees. I would also assume that as long as you are calculating the VIP population separately for the overall population, 5% for each, then you are fine. For garages, I've gotten preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. that is stacked on all levels closest to the entrances approved for preferred so you can split FE parking between multiple floors. I'd focus on the intent and whether you are meeting it.

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Kim Lombard Architect, AECOM Apr 25 2016 LEEDuser Member 51 Thumbs Up

I ran across this CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide while looking for another issue and it seems to be relevant to your situation ......

ID#10206 made on 07/01/2012

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Steve Valev
Apr 19 2016
Guest
32 Thumbs Up

SSc4.3 Sign Text

Project Location: United States

We are working on a community college project which has has an existing parking lot serving the entire campus that already provides enough parking count to cover the parking load of our project.

We are not providing any new parking and are going after SSc4.4. We are also going after SSc4.3 by signing stalls within the existing parking lot based on the load of our building. Is this acceptable? Do the signs need to have text dedicating them to our project specifically in order to meet the requirements of SSc4.3?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Apr 19 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Steve, yes with shared parking you will need to designate preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. as for your occupants only or meet the 5% requirement for all parking total, which I don't think you want.

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Anastasia Makarenko EcoStandard
Mar 31 2016
Guest
172 Thumbs Up

n/a

Dear all,
we have the following situation with one of our projects. The project we are certifying is a laboratory building that is a part of the big existing factory site. We would like to try to follow both SSc4.3 and SSc4.4 credits' requirements. So for 4.4 we re going to follow option with no new parking (the moving within boundary of factoy site will be prohibited so there is no point in making any new parking).
But for 4.3 compliance we're going to use existing parking situated outside of the whole factory site and make 5% of existing parking lots preferred for LEV/FEV.
Do anybody have any thought on that solution? Does that seem logic?

Thank you all in advance.

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Anastasia Makarenko EcoStandard
Mar 31 2016
Guest
172 Thumbs Up

n/a

Dear all,
we have the following situation with one of our projects. The project we are certifying is a laboratory building that is a part of the big existing factory site. We would like to try to follow both SSc4.3 and SSc4.4 credits' requirements. So for 4.4 we re going to follow option with no new parking (the moving within boundary of factoy site will be prohibited so there is no point in making any new parking).
But for 4.3 compliance we're going to use existing parking situated outside of the whole factory site and make 5% of existing parking lots preferred for LEV/FEV.
Do anybody have any thought on that solution? Does that seem logic?

Thank you all in advance.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Mar 31 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Anastasia, Are there portions of the existing parking that are assigned to your project in particular or is all parking first come first serve? Also not quite sure what you mean by moving within the boundary will be prohibited. Does the no parking added apply to the whole site or just the portion in your boundary? You can include parking outside of your boundary, see my previous response to Shad below on more information.

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Mar 31 2016 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

Anastasia - SSc4.4 is clearly achievable if there is no new parking. If it's clear that the existing parking will be used by your new facility and you provide LEV/FEV parking for 5% of all of the existing parking spaces, and those parking spaces are closest to the entrance to your building, you should have no trouble achieving SSc4.3. Generally, there is a requirement that the LEV/FEV parking be adjacent to the ADA spaces. In this case, that may or may not be the most appropriate spot specifically for your building.

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Anastasia Makarenko EcoStandard Apr 01 2016 Guest 172 Thumbs Up

Dear Marilyn,
all parking first come for the first stage, but this parking is large enough to receive both workers of our lab and the existing factory staff as well, so it won't be hard to find a parking lot for 1 of 9 laboratory employees.
Speaking of moving prohibition, i ment that any employee cannot use his car to move within site territory and as our laboratory will be a part of this site we can't put there even only 1 parking lot to make it preferred for low-emitting vehiclesLow-emitting vehicles are classified as zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by the California Air Resources Board.. Hope I managed to make myself clear :)
No new parking added apply to the whole site actually.
So do you think we can try pursuing both credits here?
Thank you for your reply.

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Anastasia Makarenko EcoStandard Apr 01 2016 Guest 172 Thumbs Up

Dear Helen,
Thank you for your reply, it's really helpful!

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Apr 01 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Sounds like you could meet both. You'd just need to provide 5% of the whole site for SSc4.3 preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system..

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Zane Lichtneger Sustainability Analyst SAS Institute Inc.
Feb 12 2016
LEEDuser Member
78 Thumbs Up

Application of the 1.67 allocation for the Option 1 & 2 combo

Project Location: United States

CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide ID#10410 allows projects to achieve SSc4.3 using a combination of Option 1 and Option 2. I have read the ruling but still find the language a bit ambiguous so I am asking for clarification in regards to our situation.
Our project has 1114 spaces. We are installing 8 level 2 charging stations and adjacent to each fueling station will be an additional EV only space. So basically two EV only spaces for each charger for a total of 16 spaces. I have two questions:
1) The CIR states “one fueling station is equivalent to 1.67 preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces.” I am not sure if I should apply this to the 8 charging stations or the 16 spaces that make up the fueling station and are dedicated EV only spaces. How many preferred parking spaces is this design worth?
2) The project plans on reaching the 5% level by providing additional preferred parking for LE/FE vehicles. How many preferred spaces must be offered in addition to the EV charging stations to reach the credits 5% threshold?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 19 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Zane,

I don't have direct experience combining these options for compliance but typically you count the EV Parking spaces served by fueling stations, so 16 in your case, which according to the 1.67 equivalent this works out to 27 preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces. 5% of 1114 is 56, which means you provide 29 additional LE/FE if my math is correct.

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Agata Mozer GO4IT SP Z OO SP K
Feb 11 2016
LEEDuser Member
653 Thumbs Up

parking for fleet vehicle

Project Location: Poland

In my project there are two areas dedicated for parking. One parking lot is designated for fleet vehicles so only workers who drive fleet cars can use it (this parking lot is situated in front of the building entrance). Parking lot for workers who use their own cars is a bit further away and is accesible for everyone. Should the parking spaces for fleet vehicles be included in the calculations for credit SSc4.3 and SSc4.4?

Parking lot for fleet cars is located within the shortest distance from the building entrance mainly for safety reasons. Spaces for these cars cannot be moved to the other parking lot which is accesible to everyone. My question is: can the preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces for low-emitting vehiclesLow-emitting vehicles are classified as zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by the California Air Resources Board. be located in the other parking lot which is a bit further away from the main entrance?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 11 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Agata,

This is tricky. You might be able to make your case if you demonstrate all fleet vehicle parking is clearly marked as for that purpose only and explain the safety reasons for the location, and also locate LEED parking in the next best locations behind fleet. However, I'd say it's not a guarantee. My experience is reviewers do not typically allow exceptions to the preferred requirement for this credit. I would contact GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). to be sure or submit your first round of review with your reasoning and see where you land.

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Shad Traylor
Feb 10 2016
LEEDuser Member
101 Thumbs Up

SSc4.3 Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Parking

Project Location: United States

SSc4.3 credit: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient VehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy., The project is located on a large campus, do the preferred FE/LE parking spaces need to be located within the LEED project boundary?

And if the preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces CAN be located outside the LEED boundary, how does that affect the other credits that involve the LEED boundary area, site hardscapeHardscape consists of the inanimate elements of the building landscaping. Examples include pavement, roadways, stone walls, concrete paths and sidewalks, and concrete, brick, and tile patios. area, light pollution, etc?
- For example, SSc7.1 for site hardscape, will the preferred parking area, located outside the LEED boundary, be included in the site hardscape area?

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Feb 10 2016 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

As you say, you are allowed to locate preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. outside the LEED boundary. The area outside the LEED boundary is not included in calcs for SSc7.1.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 10 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Shad,

Yes, you can use parking outside your boundary but there are requirements to be aware of when documenting this path. See interpretations 10202 and 2516 for more information. Also reference the language in MPR3 about including parking outside the boundary. As Helen said, all other credits, like SSc7.1 and SSc8, would only be based on your LEED boundary.

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Jeannie Rueter Green Building Analyst Ausonio Incorporated
Feb 10 2016
LEEDuser Member
38 Thumbs Up

Off-Site Parking

Project Location: United States

I'm working on a major remodel for a city-owned conference center that has no on-site parking. There is a city-owned parking garage near by. The conference center has 25 employees. Most employees use that garage but currently there are no spaces dedicated to the conference center.
How do we figure how many spaces we would need to dedicate to the center to establish a base from which to reserve 5% for LEFE vehicles?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 10 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Jeannie,

Take a look at interpretation 10202 as it goes into more detail about the requirements for including parking outside of the LEED boundary. A heads up that you will need to demonstrate these spaces are marked with signage as designated for your LEED project only, so there may be some added coordination with the city.

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Jeannie Rueter Green Building Analyst, Ausonio Incorporated Feb 11 2016 LEEDuser Member 38 Thumbs Up

Thanks, Marilyn.
I did see that interpretation but it doesn't tell me how to allocate parking spaces for one building in a parking garage that serves the downtown area. Is there a formula or is it how ever many we decide makes sense based on the number of employees?
Thanks!

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 12 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

If your project is assigned or only has access to a certain portion of the garage, then assume 5% of that number. Perhaps there is an agreement you can reference to show this number? Or make assumptions based on how many companies have access to the garage and prorate from there.

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Jeannie Rueter Green Building Analyst, Ausonio Incorporated May 17 2016 LEEDuser Member 38 Thumbs Up

I have another question regarding this credit for the same project. I saw one of the posts sited a ruling that the closest distance is basically a combination of driving from the entrance of the garage to the parking spot and walking to the front door of the conference center.
Which parking space is qualified:
1) shortest drive, longer walk & not near ADA parking or elevator or stairs (shorter overall distance); or
2) slightly longer drive, next to the ADA parking and by the elevator & stairs and shortest walking distance to front door (longer overall distance)?
It seems to me 1) meets the letter of the ruling and 2) is more convenient for the person with the fuel efficient vehicle.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group May 18 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

For my projects with garages, I've always used spaces on the first floor, then spaces on subsequent floors that are closest to elevators/stairs as preferred and this has been approved on numerous projects. "Preferred" includes both closest to the entrance of the building and also other preferable spots, such as covered spaces in a garage. If you have multiple types of parking (ie surface, podium, garage) then you should provide equal ratios of preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for all depending on how the total parking is split between them.

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Jeannie Rueter Green Building Analyst, Ausonio Incorporated May 18 2016 LEEDuser Member 38 Thumbs Up

Thank you, Marilyn. The first floor has only metered 1-hour public parking, about 14 spaces. The rest of the parking is gated with an attendant. Are metered spaces supposed to be considered for preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system.?
They are still not where I would choose to park if I was working at the conference center. To me, the best spots are the first level of the gated parking (2nd floor) right between the elevator and the stairs. There are no parking spaces in that area on the 1st floor, it's the corner turn to go up the ramp to the gated parking.

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Gustavo De las Heras Izquierdo Arch. Eng. LEED AP BD+C; O+M; CxA: Green Rater in Training Revitaliza Consultores
Feb 04 2016
Guest
1564 Thumbs Up

List of LEED-Qualified Cars

Our project is about to submit the final review to GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)..

We have just checked the list of qualified cars in http://www.greenercars.org/news/list-leed-qualified-cars and we have realised that it has been updated, removing some cars from VW.

The problem is that we have already approved a list of qualified cars for the client some months ago. Some cars using the facilities are no longer considered as fuel efficient.

Should we tell the car owners not to use the reserved spaces anymore?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Feb 10 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Technically, yes. Unless the list of qualified cars was updated after your project registration date. In that case you might be able to argue it doesn't apply.

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Pamela Mendez WSP
Jan 11 2016
LEEDuser Member
133 Thumbs Up

No Parking Provided - Option 4 Vehicle Sharing

Our project is a Residential Building with No Parking provided. A LE/FE Vehicle Contract will be implemented for (2) Years.

Can this project earn both SSC4.3 & SSC4.4

SSC4.4 - 2 Points No Parking
&
SSC4.3 - 3 Points for Vehicle Sharing via Contract with Zip Car

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jan 12 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Hi Pamela, my experience has been that if you do not provide parking you can meet SSc4.4. Regarding SSc4.3, have you reviewed the requirements for the vehicle sharing compliance path? There are several and I'd recommend that you will want to make compliance with each clear. I'd also encourage you to review related LEED interpretations to see if there are additional information that might be useful for your specific case.

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Pamela Mendez WSP Jan 13 2016 LEEDuser Member 133 Thumbs Up

Yes we would like to use Option 4 -

-Provide One low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle must be provided per 3% of FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. occupants
-A vehicle-sharing contract must be provided that has an agreement of at least two years. (Via Zip-Car)
-Parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. must be located in the nearby parking lot.

Questions are can this be earned via Zip-Car Contract and having the zip-car at a nearby parking lot. Since we are earning SSc4.4 No Parking Onsite.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jan 14 2016 LEEDuser Expert 247 Thumbs Up

Pamela, if you read above you can see this is an acceptable compliance path. "Some projects have earned this credit with a regional car-sharing program that locates a publicly accessible car share vehicle adjacent to the project site."

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Joann Lee Heitman Architects Inc.
Nov 18 2015
LEEDuser Member
676 Thumbs Up

Interchangeability of LE/FE vehicles and HOV parking spaces

Project Location: United States

We are pursuing both SS4.3 and SS4.4. As long as we provide the total parking spaces required for both 4.3 AND 4.4, can those spaces be used interchangeably for either LE/FE and HOV? Can the sign read the space is for either Low Emitting/Fuel Efficient Vehicle or High Occupancy vehicle?

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Tristan Roberts LEED AP BD+C, Editorial Director – LEEDuser, BuildingGreen, Inc. Nov 26 2015 LEEDuser Moderator

Joann, I would not be confident in this approach. While there is a lot of sense in your approach, the LEED requirements stipulate that the spaces are for LE/FE. You could be limiting access to LE/FE vechicles for these spaces in favor of HOV. Which may be justifiable from a policy perspective, but is outside of what LEED requires. If this is important I would look for a LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. or other official communication from GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)..

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Joann Lee Heitman Architects Inc. Nov 30 2015 LEEDuser Member 676 Thumbs Up

Thanks, Tristan.

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Joann Lee Heitman Architects Inc. Nov 30 2015 LEEDuser Member 676 Thumbs Up

Tristan, one more question.
Can a Fuel Efficient parking space be used as charging station for electric cars while charging? We are not pursuing the credit through charging station (the client just opted to install them); we are trying to comply the credit only through LE/FE reserved parking spaces.

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Pedro Ribeiro Director of Sustainability Edifícios Saudáveis Consultores
Nov 12 2015
LEEDuser Member
1251 Thumbs Up

Preferred parking spaces definition interpretation

The definition of preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. refers "designated spaces close to the building (...), designated covered spaces (...)". Does this mean that parking spaces designated for low-emitting that are covered but not the ones closest to the building would qualify? Or do they have to comply with both conditions.

In the particular case I'm working on, the designated parking spaces are covered and are the closest to the building besides an area of uncovered parking spaces.

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Gustavo De las Heras Izquierdo Arch. Eng. LEED AP BD+C; O+M; CxA: Green Rater in Training, Revitaliza Consultores Nov 12 2015 Guest 1564 Thumbs Up

I think you can choose either covered spaces or those close to the building entrance. You don't have to meet both requirements.

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Pedro Ribeiro Director of Sustainability, Edifícios Saudáveis Consultores Nov 16 2015 LEEDuser Member 1251 Thumbs Up

So, your interpretation is that if the parking is covered any of its parking spaces would comply with credit requirements even if it isn't the closest one regarding building entrance?

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Nov 16 2015 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

Covered parking has no bearing on this credit for preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.. The preferred parking needs to be adjacent to the ADA (handicap) spaces, i.e. close to the building entrance.

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Pedro Ribeiro Director of Sustainability, Edifícios Saudáveis Consultores Nov 17 2015 LEEDuser Member 1251 Thumbs Up

Hi Helen,

are you sure on this one? The definition states that «preferred parking (...) includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, (...)». My take on this is that covered spaces by itself can be considered preferred parking. Don't you agree?

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Nov 17 2015 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

Hi Pedro,
I recommend searching for a credit interpretation on this. If there is no credit interpretation, you may want to submit one. The reason I think that covered parking is not part of the definition for preferred is because that would mean that all covered parking is preferred. In a parking garage where all of the parking is covered, the only spaces that are preferred are adjacent to the ADA spaces.

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Annalise Reichert Project Manager stok
Oct 26 2015
Guest
373 Thumbs Up

Low-Emitting Signage Wording Requirements

I am working on a project that reserved 10 parking spots for "fuel-efficient" vehicles, this is noted by spray-painted signage on each parking stall. Half of these stalls have the following verbiage: "Reserved for Fuel-Efficient Clean Air Vehicles". The other half of these stalls have the following verbiage:
Reserved for Fuel-Efficient Hybrid Vehicles".

We received a preliminary review comment that the stalls with "Hybrid" verbiage do not meet signage requirements. Isn't the inclusion of the term "fuel-efficient" sufficient to meet the intent of this requirement? All stalls are in preferred locations.

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Gustavo De las Heras Izquierdo Arch. Eng. LEED AP BD+C; O+M; CxA: Green Rater in Training, Revitaliza Consultores Oct 26 2015 Guest 1564 Thumbs Up

I think the reviewers (and the credit intent) want ALL the parking spaces reserved for fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.. The 5 spaces you are reserving ONLY for hybrid cars prevents electric and other fuel-efficient vehicles from using them.

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Saud Abdul Rasheed Sustainability/Energy Engineer, CEM, PMP, LEED AP BD+C, LEED AP O+M, Estidama PQP
Oct 21 2015
Guest
998 Thumbs Up

Preferred Parking and LEED Interpretation 10202

Project Location: Saudi Arabia

Hi all,
We have received our Final Design Review and the credit has been denied. Now we want to appeal for the credit as the client is willing to provide Low Emitting and Fuel Efficient Vehicles. The LEED review we received is as follows:
"The additional documentation indicates that preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. spaces for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. for 5% of the total
parking capacity. However, the locations of the designated spaces do not appear to meet the LEED definition of preferred, as required. It
appears that there are 13 spaces located on the ground level that are more preferred than the spaces located in the parking garage.
Note that preferred spaces are those spaces located closest to the main entrance of the project (exclusive of spaces designed for
handicapped). Additionally, note that according to LEED InterpretationLEED Interpretations are official answers to technical inquiries about implementing LEED on a project. They help people understand how their projects can meet LEED requirements and provide clarity on existing options. LEED Interpretations are to be used by any project certifying under an applicable rating system. All project teams are required to adhere to all LEED Interpretations posted before their registration date. This also applies to other addenda. Adherence to rulings posted after a project registers is optional, but strongly encouraged. LEED Interpretations are published in a searchable database at usgbc.org. 10202, preferred parking spaces in a garage are those that are
the shortest combined driving distance from the parking garage entrance and walking distance to the project building's main
entrance(s). Therefore, it appears that the spaces within the parking garage located on the First Basement floor are more preferrable
than the designated spaces on the Second Basement floor. The documentation does not demonstrate compliance."
We had actually distributed the preferred parking in 3 basements and on ground floor. We have a total of 320 parking slots out of which 16 slots are on ground floor and the remaining are in basement 1, basement 2 and basement 3. Now I want to understand as per the LEED Interpretation 10202 should we allocate 13 slots on the ground floor as preferred parking? Because 3 of the 16 slots are handicapped parking. So we provide 13 slots on ground floor and 3 slots on basement 1 to make it a total of 16 slots which is 5% of the total parking slots? Is this the correct approach? I don't want to apply for appeal and get rejected again because of not understanding the real approach.

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deborah lucking associate, fentress architects Oct 21 2015 LEEDuser Member 2413 Thumbs Up

It's not immediately clear without seeing how the parking is laid out, but here's a suggestion -
First of all, DO NOT count the handicap stalls as preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system.. If you can accommodate all 16 preferred parking spaces on the ground floor, immediately adjacent to the handicap spaces, that would be the way to go. If not, locate the remainder (3 spaces?) in the first basement level.
The concept of "preferred" is that there is the least amount of driving and walking to get to the parking space, and from there to the building entrance.
Good luck!

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Saud Abdul Rasheed Sustainability/Energy Engineer, CEM, PMP, LEED AP BD+C, LEED AP O+M, Estidama PQP Oct 24 2015 Guest 998 Thumbs Up

Thank you Deborah. I am also thinking the same. We will not include the 3 parking slots for handicapped but we will accommodate 13 out of 16 parking slots on the ground floor as preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for Low Emitting and Fuel Efficient Vehicles. We will also reserve 3 slots on First Basement and hence the total will be 16 which is the requirement to achieve the credit. I hope it works this way.

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Greg Snow Gibbons Snow Architects Inc.
Sep 18 2015
LEEDuser Member
50 Thumbs Up

Alternate Transportation: SSc4.3 and SSc4.4

Project Location: Canada

Hi Everyone,

I am filling out the LEED letter template for SSc4.3 and SSc4.4 and don't know which path/option I should check. The project is in Canada in a Campus; there are no parking allocated within the LEED boundary and no new parking added to the existing parking. I am using Campus path tpo meet the requirements of above credits i.e 3% of FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. for SSc4.3 and 5% of FTE for SSc4.4. In the LEED letter template, I am using the special circumstances path and will provide a narrative to explain the compliance.

Please advise if this procedure is correct?

I appreciate your feedback.

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Sep 18 2015 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

As long as you make it clear that you're using the campus approach, it sounds like what you're doing for SSc4.3 should work. Have you checked to see which option is preferable - Option 1 - preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. designated for 5% of parking spaces or Option 3 - preferred parking for 3% of FTEs? Also, if no new parking is being added, you should be able to achieve SSc4.4 without designating carpool spaces - unless the client wants to, of course. Option 3 for SSc4.4 - no new parking.

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Greg Snow Gibbons Snow Architects Inc. Sep 18 2015 LEEDuser Member 50 Thumbs Up

Hi Helen- Thanks for the feedback. I would like to elaborate more:
For SSc4.3 I am pursuing 3% of total FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. for charging station to be provided in the existing campus parking within 500m to the LEED building( campus option). Is that acceptable?

Thanks

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Helen Kessler President, HJKessler Associates Sep 20 2015 LEEDuser Member 618 Thumbs Up

I believe that the requirement is that charging stations be provided for 3% of the total parking spaces. The LEED 2009 BD+C Reference Guide doesn't say anything about 3% of FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. for charging stations.

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Rezkar Abdulmajeed Architect/LEED AP, SANA Associates LTD Sep 21 2015 Guest 222 Thumbs Up

There is zero parking in LEED project boundary and no new parking will be added. How can I figure out how many parking spaces will be utilized from the existing shared parking structure for this project? If I use the formula below;
total parking for LEED Building= Gross floor areaGross floor area (based on ASHRAE definition) is the sum of the floor areas of the spaces within the building, including basements, mezzanine and intermediate‐floored tiers, and penthouses wi th headroom height of 7.5 ft (2.2 meters) or greater. Measurements m ust be taken from the exterior 39 faces of exterior walls OR from the centerline of walls separating buildings, OR (for LEED CI certifying spaces) from the centerline of walls separating spaces. Excludes non‐en closed (or non‐enclosable) roofed‐over areas such as exterior covered walkways, porches, terraces or steps, roof overhangs, and similar features. Excludes air shafts, pipe trenches, and chimneys. Excludes floor area dedicated to the parking and circulation of motor vehicles. ( Note that while excluded features may not be part of the gross floor area, and therefore technically not a part of the LEED project building, they may still be required to be a part of the overall LEED project and subject to MPRs, prerequisites, and credits.) of the LEED Building/total gross area for the campus X total existing parking space in the campus.
the results may come up more than the FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. number in the LEED Building.

Can the campus authority provide a letter and state that a total number of XX spaces will be assigned within the existing infrastructure for LEED building, which we can use it as a baseline of our parking calculation SSc4.3 and SSc4.4 .

Your feedback is appreciated

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Ara Massey Sustainability Director , Hord Coplan Macht May 03 2016 LEEDuser Member 308 Thumbs Up

Rezkar did you find a solution? I have run into the same situation.

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Rezkar Abdulmajeed Architect/LEED AP SANA Associates LTD
Aug 20 2015
Guest
222 Thumbs Up

Alternative Transportation: Alternative refueling stations 3%

Project Location: Grenada

I am working on the first LEED project in campus. There is zero parking provided within the LEED project boundary staff. The campus parking structure will be used foe the staff and the visitors of this building.

LEED 2009-campus will allow us to provide 3% of FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. of all LEED buildings.Since this is the first LEED Building in the campus 3% will be for the FTE of this building only.

Please let me know if I am doing the right thing for documenting this Credit?

Thanks

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Tristan Roberts LEED AP BD+C, Editorial Director – LEEDuser, BuildingGreen, Inc. Nov 26 2015 LEEDuser Moderator

Rezkar, this sounds right to me.

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Greg Snow Gibbons Snow Architects Inc. Nov 27 2015 LEEDuser Member 50 Thumbs Up

Tristan,
Thanks a lot for your feedback.

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Anya Fiechtl ARCHITECT, LEED AP BD+C High Plains Architects
Aug 17 2015
Guest
943 Thumbs Up

EV charging stations VS energy model

Have others on this forum documented electric vehicle charging stations in the energy model for EAp2 and EAc1? Any advice?

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Mark Zoeteman Sr. Mech Engr, FTC&H, Inc. Aug 24 2015 LEEDuser Member 120 Thumbs Up

We were able to obtain actual energy consumption data from our client from one of their existing buildings that had charging stations. We input this data into baseline and proposed energy models as a process load.

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Asa Posner Senior Sustainability Consultant Sustainable Investment Group (SIG)
Aug 03 2015
LEEDuser Member
1277 Thumbs Up

FYI... CIR has been posted re: combination of Option 1 and 2

Project Location: United States

Lots of comments and threads have occurred here regarding combining FE/LE spaces and Electric Fueling Charging stations.

FYI: A CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide has been posted (as of April 1, 2015) and it offers a prescription for how to do this. See CIR ID#10410

Ruling:
"Projects may achieve this credit using a combination of Option 1 and Option 2. Preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. must be provided for 5% of the total parking capacity, as required in Option 1. Fueling stations may be substituted for preferred parking spaces to meet this threshold such that one fueling station is equivalent to 1.67 preferred parking spaces. All other credit requirements (such as the location of the preferred parking spaces and the capacity of fueling stations) apply. The special circumstances section should be used for additional documentation."

The "preferred" location still seems to be tricky per the conversations / threads on this here in LEEDuser, but.... at least the combination question is finally spelled out.

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Dan Barton via Greengrade LEED Management Software
Jul 06 2015
Guest
580 Thumbs Up

SSc4.3: "publicly posted at the entrance of the parking area"

Project Location: United States

Our project is a classroom and faculty office building with an occupancy calculated at 89 FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. and 707 peak transients located on an urban college campus . There are no zoning requirements for parking and only 59 parking spaces are provided within our LEED boundary. Unmet parking demand for parking by occupants of our project will be satisfied by the many existing parking lots scattered around the campus outside of our LEED boundary.

Instead of publicly posting the discounted parking for LE/LF vehicles at the entrance to the lot within our LEED boundary we would like to propose posting the discount on the parking webpage of the campus website and at the parking services office where all campus parking permits are purchased. Can anyone share their experience with this approach to meeting "publicly posted" requirement for parking discount? Any helpful suggestions are appreciated.

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