NC-v4 LTc5: Access to quality transit

  • Site selection is key

    Teams can earn up to five points based on the daily transit service available to your project. If your building is located in a metropolitan area with multiple modes of transportation, and has functional entries within a quarter- to half-mile walking distance of transit stops, you’re likely to achieve this credit.

    Walking distance is critical—LEED reviewers will want to see an accessible route, so don’t try to cross a highway with no crosswalks.

    Projects located in commuter hubs are not forgotten by this credit. Projects with commuter rail or ferry service only can still earn up to three points with sufficient minimum daily transit service and a walk distance of a half-mile to transit stops.

    What’s New in LEED v4

    • Credit requirements have been added regarding transit service frequency that take both weekday and weekend availability into account.
    • The list of modes of transportation that qualify for transit service has been expanded to include ferry, streetcar, bus rapid transit, and rideshare.
    • In LEED for Schools, Option 2: Pedestrian Access now uses a tiered point system determined by the percentage of students living within the walkable attendance area.
    • Project access is assessed by calculating the walking distance from functional building entrances to transit service.
    • The credit now calculates point thresholds by using the quantity of transit trips within the specified walking distance of the project.
    • Private shuttles do not fulfill credit requirements.

    FAQs

    Would a university or corporate campus shuttle service count towards this credit?

    Transit service only includes publicly accessible modes of transportation. Transit that is fixed-route and available to general public would comply with the credit language. One that is only available to staff, students, employees or members is a private shuttle and would not com

  • LT Credit 5: Access to quality transit

    Intent

    To encourage development in locations shown to have multimodal transportation choices or otherwise reduced motor vehicle use, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, and other environmental and public health harms associated with motor vehicle use.

    Requirements

    Locate any functional entryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. of the project within a ¼-mile (400-meter) walking distance of existing or planned bus, streetcar, or informal transit stops, or within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of existing or planned bus rapid transit stops, light or heavy rail stations, commuter rail stations or ferry terminals. The transit service at those stops and stations in aggregate must meet the minimums listed in Tables 1 and 2. Planned stops and stations may count if they are sited, funded, and under construction by the date of the certificate of occupancy and are complete within 24 months of that date.

    Both weekday and weekend trip minimums must be met.

    • Qualifying transit routes must have paired route service (service in opposite directions).
    • For each qualifying transit route, only trips in one direction are counted towards the threshold.
    • If a qualifying transit route has multiple stops within the required walking distance, only trips from one stop are counted towards the threshold.
    Table 1. Minimum daily transit service for projects with multiple transit types (bus, streetcar, rail, or ferry)

    Weekday trips Weekend trips Points BD&C

    (except Core and Shell)
    Points BD&C (Core and shell) Points ID&C
    72 40 1 1 2
    144 108 3 3 5
    360 216 5 6 7



    Table 2. Minimum daily transit service for projects with commuter rail or ferry service only

    Weekday trips Weekend trips Points (all projects)
    24 6 1
    40 8 2
    60 12 3



    Projects served by two or more transit routes such that no one route provides more than 60% of the prescribed levels may earn one additional point, up to the maximum number of points.

    If existing transit service is temporarily rerouted outside the required distances for less than two years, the project may meet the requirements, provided the local transit agency has committed to restoring the routes with service at or above the prior level.

Design Submittal

PencilDocumentation for this credit can be part of a Design Phase submittal.

26 Comments

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sepideh khodadadi
Oct 27 2016
Guest
9 Thumbs Up

interpolation

hi guys i have a question i'd be happy if you can help me with it
our project is around 850 meters farFloor-area ratio is the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking, measured as the total nonresidential building floor area divided by the total buildable land area available for nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters). from a crowded subway station that can help us achieve up to 5 points but since the distance is more than 800 meters
so i hope to be able to get some points using interpolation
do you know if we can use that or no?do you have experience in this area?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Nov 03 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Hi Sepideh,
Are you measuring from the closest functional entryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. of your building? The distance requirement is typically pretty firm but if you feel your project still meets the intent, it might be worth investigating opportunities for alternative compliance paths that would be appropriate for your location.

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sepideh khodadadi Nov 04 2016 Guest 9 Thumbs Up

Thanks for answering i appreciate that
And yes we used another functional entryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. and it reached to 804 but i hope 4 meters wont be such a big deal
Also we realized that one of our bus stations is station for 4 buses with different routs do have to count it 4 times?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jan 17 2017 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Hi Sepideh, 800 meters is the requirement so if you are beyond that, even by a handful of meters, your project does not meet. Are you measuring all options of walking distance? Perhaps there is a different walking path that could make the difference here for your project? And yes, count all bus stops within the required distance of your project.

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Carolyn Risley
Oct 19 2016
Guest

Number of Bus Routes Required

To confirm, is it possible to achieve LTc5 with just one bus route so long as the minimum number of weekday/weekend trips are satisfied? It appears so, but this does deviate from LEED 2009, so I want to be sure.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Oct 20 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Carolyn, yes, if you look at the credit form, it is based on compliance with the total trips, ie performance.

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Michele Helou Principal Sage Design & Consulting
Oct 10 2016
LEEDuser Member
1329 Thumbs Up

University Campus Project

Project Location: United States

We have a university academic building with a weekday schedule M-F.
We had not planned to register as a Schools project but wonder if some of the Schools requirements for this credit might better apply to the intent and if we can mix and match schools option 1 and 2.
1. we have campus/public bus shuttles with over 144 daily frequency for 2 points. However, the weekend service is limited to less than the requirements here. Since the building has no weekend operation, shouldn't that be the deciding factor?
2. Since 50% of occupants live on campus within 1/2 mile walking distance, can we use schools, option 2 for pedestrian access for another 1 point?

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Oct 20 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Hi Michele, I am not aware that you can mix and match options between rating systems. This sounds like a case where you will want to confirm with GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)., assuming you have already reviewed existing interpretations for any applicability.

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Eric White Sustainability Consultant Mission Green Buildings
Aug 30 2016
LEEDuser Member
6 Thumbs Up

Functional Entry for Addition Project

Project Location: Canada

Our project is a four storey addition to an existing four storey building. There are a few doors that connect the addition and the existing building throughout its four storeys, along with several secondary and/or service entrances and emergency exists. The majority of occupants will enter the addition through the existing building.

In determining the most appropriate "Functional EntryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians." to use for proximity to transit, should the project:

a) use the demising wall between the existing building and addition as the "Functional Entry", OR
b) use the secondary exterior entrances as the "Functional Entry", OR
c) use the existing building's primary entrance as the "Functional Entry."

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Aug 30 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Hi Eric, I am having a hard time picturing this without drawings to reference, however the definition of Functional EntryA building entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. is: "An entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians."
If you've reviewed the definition and still don't feel comfortable with what seems like the most reasonable approach, I'd contact GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). and confirm your thinking with them prior to submitting for review, just so it doesn't come up in a review comment.

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Lourdes Salinas THREE Consultoría Medioambiental
Jun 07 2016
LEEDuser Member
525 Thumbs Up

Weekend trips frequency

Project Location: Mexico

Hello, I have a question related with the approach that can be followed in order to pursue the credit of LT Access to Quality Transportation. Is it possible to follow the same approach (as an alternative path) as the one follow by schools for a building that is only occupied from Monday to Friday?
Thank you!

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jun 08 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Lourdes,
I am assuming your project is not a school...what is your reasoning behind this? Are you still meeting the intent of the credit?

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Lourdes Salinas THREE Consultoría Medioambiental Jun 09 2016 LEEDuser Member 525 Thumbs Up

Hi Marilyn!
Your assumption is right, the project is not a school, is an office building. The reason why we are trying to pursue an alternative path is that in the municipality where the project is located do not have a governmental study that certifies the public transportation frequency during the weekends, this study has just been develop for weekdays (Monday -Friday).
Also considering that public transportation frequency is not asked for school projects because the use of the building is only during weekdays. Does this consideration may apply to the project if it is also only used during weekdays, just as schools?
I am excited to hear about your opinion and point of view.
Thank you.

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Marilyn Specht Sustainability Consultant, Integral Group Jun 15 2016 LEEDuser Expert 771 Thumbs Up

Lourdes,

Alternative compliance is typically awarded if projects can still demonstrate they meet the intent of the credit. Focus on the intent and provide the review team with a narrative explaining your case. You can also contact GBCIThe Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) manages Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) building certification and professional accreditation processes. It was established in 2008 with support from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). to try to confirm this prior to your review if you need to know where you stand.

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Francis McNulty OCSC
Apr 22 2016
LEEDuser Member
288 Thumbs Up

Paired bus route service

Project Location: Ireland

Hi,

Is it necessary for both stops to be within 400m of the site in order to satisfy the paired route requirements? There are a considerable number of one-way streets adjacent to our site resulting in paired routes being separated by a number of blocks.

Thank you

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Kimberly Schlaepfer Sustainability Coordinator LEED AP O+M, BD+C, YR&G May 05 2016 LEEDuser Expert 851 Thumbs Up

Hi Francis,
The Reference Guide does not specifically address this point, however, I don't think that it is necessary for both stops to be within the 400m in order to fulfill the paired route requirements, the transit service simply needs to offer a service in the opposite direction. The Reference Guide notes that if one transit lines has several stops within the 400m boundary, then only one may count toward compliance. Since only one of the stops from the transit service can be counted anyway, I believe the location of the opposite line won't be considered.
Hope that helps!

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Kevin Dunphy Project Coordinator, LEED AP BD+C Holabird & Root
Aug 21 2015
Guest
17 Thumbs Up

Minimum Weekday/Weekend Trips

Project Location: United States

I am looking for clarification on the terminology and corresponding input fields of the credit form. In the "Points are calculated as follows" table, does the column "Minimum Weekday Trips" refer to a daily number of weekday trips or a cumulative number of the trips of all 5 weekdays? I have the same question for the "Minimum Weekend Trips" term in this table. The confusion is coming from the distinction in language between this table and the "Transit service" table, which has columns labeled "DAILY Weekday Trips" and "Average DAILY Weekend Trips."

I realize once I have the transit information for my project I can fill it into the "Transit Service" table and it will generate the point numbers, but right now I am only in the feasibility study portion of my project and am more interested in point budgeting than filling in exact information.

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Jason Hercules Manager, LEED Department, U.S. Green Building Council Sep 16 2015 Guest 72 Thumbs Up

The "minimum trips" language refer to the daily number of trips provided. The most common variation is seen on weekends when the number of trips provided on Sat vs. Sun is often different. However, there are examples when weekday trip numbers vary (e.g. publicly available university bus service, when trips vary to match class frequency) and even in those circumstances, the minimum service provided should be used to calculate compliance.

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Amanda Johnson Penicaud Green Building
Jul 16 2015
Guest
529 Thumbs Up

Rideshare and Company Shuttles

Project Location: Russian Federation

Hi,
With the new frequency requirement I am not sure how Company shuttles (that are related to set workshifts and which only operate 8 times a day) would fit into this?
The shuttle clearly reduces the car traffic for staff (80% of workers use it) but would not get points under LEED V4.

Would this be a special circumstance?

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Tristan Roberts LEED AP BD+C, Executive Editor – LEEDuser, BuildingGreen, Inc. Sep 16 2015 LEEDuser Moderator

Amanda, this definitely sounds like it would not comply with LEED v4 requirements, but you could ask for an interpretation to see if you can make a case for it.

For what it's worth you would have better luck with this under LEED for Existing Buildings, which measures actual use of alternative commuting.

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Michelle DiPenti Project Coordinator HDR, Inc.
Oct 01 2014
LEEDuser Member
168 Thumbs Up

University Building - Weekend Trips

I have a question for a science building on a university campus.
We want to earn a bonus point. The requirement is as follows, "Projects served by two or more transit routes such that no one route provides more than 60% of the documented levels may earn one additional point, up to the maximum number of points." However, since this is a university campus and very few classes are held on Saturdays, there are different bus routes and stops on the weekends.

Should I calculate 60% of the total trips (weekday + weekend)? Or do should it be 60% of the weekday trips and 60% of weekend trips?

Thank you!

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PAWAN DAHIWAL Feb 02 2015 Guest 626 Thumbs Up

I think, weekend trips are exempted for educational facilities. You need to count only weekday trips. If any trip provides less than 60% of the total, you will earn one bonus point.

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Rebecca Brown
Jul 31 2014
Guest
9 Thumbs Up

University Campus Transit

It seems from the credit language that bus stops do not need to be publicly accessible in order to comply with the credit. Would a university campus shuttle service count for this credit?

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Jason Hercules Manager, LEED Department, U.S. Green Building Council Sep 16 2015 Guest 72 Thumbs Up

Transit service only includes publicly accessible modes of transportation. So university campus transit that is fixed-route and available to general public would comply with the credit language. One that is only available to university members is essentially a private shuttle and would not comply.

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Florencia Guggenheim Architect
Jul 01 2014
Guest
8 Thumbs Up

Bus Stops

Hi, i would like to know in the case i have one bus stop but with different bus lines, can i count de trips from every line or just of one of them?
thank you very much!

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David Posada Integrated Design & LEED Specialist, SERA Architects Jul 28 2014 Guest 21388 Thumbs Up

Yes, you can count the trips for any bus line that stops within the 1/4 mile/ 400 meter walking distance of your project. Having more bus lines improves your transit service and can earn more points, so count them all!

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