ND-v2009 NPDc13: Local food production

  • Trades Training - v2009

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  • USGBC

    Excerpted from LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development

    NPD Credit 13: Local food production

    Intent

    To promote community-based food production, improve nutrition through increased access to fresh produce, support preservation of small farms producing a wide variety of crops, reduce the negative environmental effects of large-scale industrialized agriculture, and support local economic development that increases the economic value and production of farmlands and community gardens.

    Requirements

    Establish covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&R) or other forms of deed restrictions which state that the growing of produce is not prohibited in project areas, including greenhouses, any portion of residential front, rear, or side yards; or balconies, patios, or rooftops. Greenhouses but not gardens may be prohibited in front yards that face the street.

    AND

    Option 1. Neighborhood farms and gardens

    Dedicate permanent and viable growing space and/or related facilities (such as greenhouses) within the project according to the areas specified in Table 1 (exclusive of existing dwellings). Provide solar access, fencing, watering systems, garden bed enhancements (such as raised beds), secure storage space for tools, and pedestrian access for these spaces. Ensure that the spaces are owned and managed by an entity that includes occupants of the project in its decision making, such as a community group, homeowners’ association, or public body.

    Project density

    (DU/acre)
    Project density

    (DU/hectare)
    Growing space

    (sf/DU)
    Growing space

    (sqm/DU)
    > 7 and ≤14 > 17.5 and ≤ 35 200 18.5
    > 14 and ≤ 22 > 35 and ≤ 55 100 9
    > 22 and ≤ 28 > 55 and ≤ 69 80 7.5
    > 28 and ≤ 35 > 69 and ≤ 86.5 70 6.5
    > 35 > 86.5 60 5.5
    DU = dwelling unit; sf = square feet.  



    Established community gardens outside the project boundary but within a 1/2 mile (800 meters) walk distance of the project’s geographic center can satisfy this option if the garden otherwise meets all of the option requirements.

    OR

    Option 2. Community-supported agriculture

    Purchase shares in a community-supported agriculture (CSA) program located within 150 miles (240 kilometers) of the project site for at least 80% of dwelling units within the project (exclusive of existing dwelling units) for two years, beginning with each dwelling unit’s occupancy until the 80% threshold is reached. Shares must be delivered to a point within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of the project’s geographic center on a regular schedule not less than twice per month at least four months of the year.

    OR

    Option 3. Proximity to farmers’ market

    Locate the project’s geographic center within a 1/2-mile (800 meters) walk distance of an existing or planned farmers’ market that is open or will operate at least once weekly for at least five months annually. Farmers’ market vendors may sell only items grown within 150 miles (240 kilometers) of the project site. A planned farmers’ market must have firm commitments from farmers and vendors that the market will meet all the above requirements and be in full operation by the time of 50% occupancy of the project’s total floor area.

8 Comments

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Jose Ng Aqua Terra Panamá
Aug 05 2013
Guest
39 Thumbs Up

Proximity to farmers' market

Hi leeduser team:

How large should the market be (area)? Or is there a minimum number of vendors?

Best.

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG Aug 05 2013 LEEDuser Expert 2332 Thumbs Up

Jose, there's no minimum number of vendors or minimum spatial size required of a market.
Eliot

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Maggie Hogan Skaug
Feb 07 2013
Guest
96 Thumbs Up

NPDc13 - Local Food Production

Can this credit be used as a template for a NC ID credit or must the project site contain dwelling units? Does anyone have experience with this credit? Any recommendations for meeting the requirements based on reviewer technical advice?

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG Feb 07 2013 LEEDuser Expert 2332 Thumbs Up

Maggie, I can't speak to NC ID credit requirements or the transferability of NPDc13 over to the NC system; you'll have to check with an NC expert. Regarding your question about the necessity of a residential component under NPDc13, Options 1 and 2 only speak of dwellings, so a non-residential project would need a CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide for those options. Option 3 doesn't specify proximity to a use type, so it's available for both residential and non-residential projects. Also, a NPDc13 addenda was issued on Feb 2 2011 rephrasing the yard protection CC&Rs required of all projects with residential components. Hope this helps,
Eliot

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Tristan Roberts LEED AP BD+C, Editorial Director – LEEDuser, BuildingGreen, Inc. Feb 07 2013 LEEDuser Moderator

Maggie, I think this could be a great idea for an NC project, but I'm not sure how you would apply it, exactly. It might not fit for some projects. I would definitely recommend against Option 3 as being too easy, and similar to having a single basic service for SSc2.

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Anita Jeerage Mar 04 2013 LEEDuser Member 7 Thumbs Up

Hi Maggie - We appreciate your question regarding the applicability of an LEED-ND v2009 credit 13 (NPDc13) as an ID credit for a LEED-NC v2009 project. We responded to your question offline, but for others interested in this information, a summary is below.

LEED-ND v2009 credit 13 (NPDc13): Local Food Production does not appear to be appropriate for non-residential LEED-NC projects, as NPDc13 - Option 1 calculations are based on residential density / dwelling units.

However, teams are welcome to submit a separate local food production strategy for a LEED-NC ID credit. While all of the requirements of LEED-ND, NPDc13 - Option 1 may not apply to a non-residential LEED-NC project, the team may still use the intent and applicable requirements as the basis for an ID strategy. As stated in the LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction (https://new.usgbc.org/resources/leed-reference-guide-green-building-desi...), ID credit may be awarded to innovation strategies that demonstrate a comprehensive approach and have significant, measurable environmental benefits.

The project team may submit a formal inquiry (http://www.gbci.org/Certification/Resources/cirs.aspx) for an official ruling on the validity of the proposed compliance approach. Formal inquiries are the only way to obtain an official review and approval of alternative compliance approaches (such as new ID credit strategy proposals) in advance of submitting for certification review.

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Michelle Rosenberger Partner, ArchEcology, LLC Mar 20 2013 LEEDuser Member 5515 Thumbs Up

We have an NC project office project with a cafe. Couldn't we use the EBOMEBOM is an acronym for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance, one of the LEED 2009 rating sytems. MRcr 5 for Food and establish a policy and guidelines for future performance?

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Tristan Roberts LEED AP BD+C, Editorial Director – LEEDuser, BuildingGreen, Inc. Mar 20 2013 LEEDuser Moderator

Michelle, I don't see why not. The intent of this ND credit is quite different.

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