ND-v2009 NPDc5: Reduced parking footprint

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  • USGBC

    Excerpted from LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development

    NPD Credit 5: Reduced parking footprint

    Intent

    To design parking to increase the pedestrian orientation of projects and minimize the adverse environmental effects of parking facilities. To reduce public health risks by encouraging daily physical activity associated with walking and bicycling.

    Requirements

    For new nonresidential buildings and multiunit residential buildings, either do not build new off-street parking lots, or locate all new off-street surface parking lots at the side or rear of buildings, leaving building frontages facing streets free of surface parking lots.

    AND

    Use no more than 20% of the total development footprintThe total land area of a project site covered by buildings, streets, parking areas, and other typically impermeable surfaces constructed as part of the project. area for all new off-street surface parking facilities, with no individual surface parking lot larger than 2 acres (0.8 hectares). For the purposes of this credit, surface parking facilities include ground-level garages unless they are under habitable building space. Underground or multistory parking facilities can be used to provide additional capacity, and on-street parking spaces are exempt from this limitation.

    AND

    Provide bicycle parking and storage capacity to new buildings as follows:

    1. Multiunit residential. Provide at least one secure, enclosed bicycle storage space per occupant for 30% of the planned occupancy but no fewer than one per unit. Provide secure visitor bicycle racks (or equivalent) on-site, with at least one bicycle space per ten dwelling units but no fewer than four spaces per project site.
    2. Retail. Provide at least one secure, enclosed bicycle storage space per new retail worker for 10% of retail worker planned occupancy. Provide visitor or customer bicycle racks on-site, with at least one bicycle space per 5,000 square feet (465 square meters) of retail space, but no fewer than one bicycle space per business or four bicycle spaces per project site, whichever is greater. Provide at least one on-site shower with changing facility for any development with 100 or more new workers and at least one additional on-site shower with changing facility for every 150 new workers thereafter.
    3. Nonresidential other than retail. Provide at least one secure, enclosed bicycle storage space per new occupant for 10% of planned occupancy. Provide visitor bicycle racks (or equivalent) on-site with at least one bicycle space per 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) of new commercial nonretail space but not fewer than four bicycle spaces per building. Provide at least one on-site shower with changing facility for any development with 100 or more new workers and at least one additional on-site shower with changing facility for every 150 new workers thereafter.
    4. Secure, enclosed bicycle storage areas must be locked and easily accessible to residents and/or workers. Provide informational signage on using the storage facilities.

      Visitors’ and customers’ bicycle racks (or equivalent) must be clearly visible from a main entry, located within 100 feet (30 meters) of the door, served with night lighting, and protected from damage from nearby vehicles. If the building has multiple main entries, bicycle racks (or equivalent) must be proportionally dispersed within 100 feet (30 meters) of each.

      Shower and changing facility requirements may be met by providing the equivalent of free access to on-site health club shower facilities, if the health club can be accessed without going outside. Provide informational signage on using the shower facilities.

      AND

      Provide carpool and/or shared-use vehicle parking spaces equivalent to 10% of the total automobile parking for each nonresidential and mixed-use building on the site. Signage indicating such parking spots must be provided, and the parking spots must be within 200 feet (60 meters) of entrances to the buildings served.

6 Comments

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Tommy Linstroth CEO Green Badger
Jan 17 2014
LEEDuser Member
574 Thumbs Up

Case for existing parking

Our project is a gut rehab of existing attached townhomes with offstreet surface parking. There will be no new offstreet parking. The only non-residential building is a community center. Can we still earn this credit? Would it just be having carpool parking for the community center? And perhaps the secure bike storage? It sounds like existing parking is exempt from the other requirements. Thanks!

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Eliot Allen LEED AP-ND, Principal, Criterion Planners Jan 17 2014 LEEDuser Expert 4346 Thumbs Up

Tommy, is the community center a new or existing building?
Eliot

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Tommy Linstroth CEO, Green Badger Jan 17 2014 LEEDuser Member 574 Thumbs Up

It is an existing building as well....

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Eliot Allen LEED AP-ND, Principal, Criterion Planners Jan 17 2014 LEEDuser Expert 4346 Thumbs Up

Tommy, only projects with new buildings or new off-street surface parking can pursue this credit. The last paragraph on carpool/shared-use vehicle parking is inadvertently missing the word "new" in front of "non-res and mixed-use building," consistent with the credit's other requirements that stipulate new buildings.
Eliot

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Maria Isabel Conde Owner Aqua Terra (Panama) S.A.
May 14 2013
LEEDuser Member
270 Thumbs Up

About carpool parking facilities.

We really need to meet the ratio of 1 for every 10 car parking spaces for carpool (10%)?. These should be separate or together?. How to justify the existence of these types of automobiles in the projec?t. And we need to accomplish this section of the credit in countries where carpooling is not common?

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Eliot Allen LEED AP-ND, Principal, Criterion Planners May 14 2013 LEEDuser Expert 4346 Thumbs Up

Maria Isabel, yes, the credit requires that 10% of off-street auto parking spaces be dedicated to either carpool vehicles or shared-use vehicles. The location of these parking spaces on the project site is up to the designer, and they don't necessarily need to be together. If carpooling or shared-use vehicles are uncommon and providing the parking spaces is a hardship, you may want to consider a CIRCredit Interpretation Ruling. Used by design team members experiencing difficulties in the application of a LEED prerequisite or credit to a project. Typically, difficulties arise when specific issues are not directly addressed by LEED information/guide.
Eliot

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