ND-v2009 SLLc5: Housing and jobs proximity

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    Excerpted from LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development

    SLL Credit 5: Housing and jobs proximity

    Intent

    To encourage balanced communities with a diversity of uses and employment opportunities.

    Requirements

    OPTION 1. Project with affordable residential component (3 points)

    Include a residential component equaling at least 30% of the project’s total building floor area (exclusive of parking structures), and locate and/or design the project such that the geographic center (or boundary if the project exceeds 500 acres / 200 hectares) is within 1/2-mile (800 meters) walk distance of existing full-time-equivalent jobs whose number is equal to or greater than the number of dwelling units in the project; and satisfy the requirements necessary to earn at least one point under NPD Credit 4, Mixed-Income Diverse Communities, Option 2, Affordable Housing.

    OR

    Option 2. Project With residential component (2 points)

    Include a residential component equaling at least 30% of the project’s total building floor area (exclusive of parking structures), and locate and/or design the project such that the geographic center (or boundary if the project exceeds 500 acres / 200 hectares) is within 1/2-mile (800 meters) walk distance of existing full-time-equivalent jobs whose number is equal to or greater than the number of dwelling units in the project.

    OR

    Option 3. Infill project with nonresidential component (1 point)

    Include a nonresidential component equaling at least 30% of the project’s total building floor area (exclusive of parking structures), and locate on an infill site whose geographic center (or boundary if the project exceeds 500 acres / 200 hectares) is within 1/2-mile (800 meters) walk distance of an existing rail transit, ferry, or tram stop and within 1/2-mile (800 meter) walk distance of existing dwelling units whose number is equal to or greater than 50% of the number of new full-time-equivalent jobs created as part of the project.

8 Comments

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Laura Slater
May 12 2014
Guest

Existing jobs within the LEED ND boundary

Hi Eliot,

Our LEED ND boundary includes some existing buildings that house existing jobs (numbers TBD). I am wondering if we can count these jobs towards our FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories. counts, even though they are within the LEED boundary?

Thanks,
Laura

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG May 13 2014 LEEDuser Expert 2303 Thumbs Up

You bet, Laura, existing jobs inside a boundary are countable. As long as they're within a half-mile walk of the project's geographic center (or from either side of the boundary if the site's over 500 acres), they can be included.
Eliot

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Katie Bachman Project Coordinator Environmental Building Strategies
Nov 19 2013
LEEDuser Member
11 Thumbs Up

Employment Resources

I am trying to calculate how many existing jobs are within 1/2 mile of a current project site, does anyone know if there are there any available resources out there that might help figure this out? The project is in a neighborhood that has many small businesses and taking a survey of employment by researching and calling each would be pretty time consuming. Additionally, the City has not been a helpful resource. Thanks for the help!

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG Nov 19 2013 LEEDuser Expert 2303 Thumbs Up

Katie, too bad about the City since the planning or fire departments, or business licenses, often have employment data. Alternatives include: purchasing parcel-level job counts from national data vendors like InfoUSA, Claritas, or ESRI; obtaining traffic analysis zone jobs from the local Metropolitan Planning Organization transportation model (assuming you're in an MPO); using county assessor building sq ft records, and typical sq ft/employee, to estimate jobs; or absent county assessor data, using aerial photographs and number of stories to estimate building sq ft, and then applying sq ft/employee factors. Note that you only need to document the minimum number of jobs needed, and sometimes you can get to that threshold with a few large employers instead of having to count all establishments in the half mile.
Eliot

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Paola Figueiredo Director SustentaX
Nov 05 2012
LEEDuser Member
273 Thumbs Up

Existing jobs within the project area? (Option 1)

For Option 1: Project with Affordable Residential Component, can jobs created within the project area be considered, or can we count only jobs within the 1/2-mile radius but outside the project area?

Here's the context: a project has a residential component equal to 56% of the total building square footage. But the 44% non-residential component includes 3 commercial towers, a shopping center, hotel, and university. In all, 11,000 new jobs will be existing once the project is completed. There are 2,836 dwelling units.

Do these 11,000 jobs count towards credit compliance, or does the project team have to go ahead and count all the pre-existing jobs within 1/2 mile of the geographic center, outside the boundary? I'm trying to avoid the humongous effort of listing all these jobs if the credit can be achieved with the new 11,000 jobs!

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG Nov 23 2012 LEEDuser Expert 2303 Thumbs Up

Paola, SLLc5 only allows existing jobs to be counted, and 'existing' is defined as the date of project submission for cert review. Note that you only need to identify 2,836 jobs to achieve the threshold, and sometimes that can be accomplished through a few major employers rather than a full survey of all businesses within the 1/2-mile radius.
Eliot

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Alexandre Schinazi Sustainability Manager, LEED AP BD+C, LEED AP O+M, VINCI Energies Nov 26 2012 Guest 41 Thumbs Up

Hi Eliot,

Say the project is entering Stage 1. So if the project team demonstrates that at least 2,836 of the new jobs to be created within the project will be existing by the time Stage 3 is submitted for certification review, than these new jobs can be counted fulfilling credit requirements. Is my understanding correct?

The difficulty is that the surrounding area has many small, informal commercial establishments, but doesn't have major companies. So the collection of data would be extremely time-consuming and painstaking. And the project itself will provide so many jobs that it would be unfair for the project not to achieve the credit. So if Stage 3 submission date is after at least 2,836 new jobs have been created within the project, then they can be counted, correct?

Thanks,
Alex

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Eliot Allen AICP, LEED AP-ND, CNU-A, Principal, Criterion Planners LEED Faculty, LP TAG Nov 26 2012 LEEDuser Expert 2303 Thumbs Up

Alex, I'm afraid your work-around is not acceptable for a Stage 1 submission where the job number would have to be counted as of the Stage 1 submission date, not a future Stage 3 submission date. This is because the objective of SLLc5 is to encourage project location where favorable circumstances already exist, rather than have the project create those circumstances.
Eliot

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Jul 23 2014
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