Excerpted from LEED 2009 for Retail: New Construction and Major Renovations
To achieve levels of energy performance beyond those in the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental and economic impacts associated with excessive energy use.
Select 1 of the 3 compliance path options described below. Project teams documenting achievement using any of the 3 options are assumed to be in compliance with EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance.
Demonstrate a percentage improvement in the proposed building performance rating compared with the baseline building performanceBaseline building performance is the annual energy cost for a building design, used as a baseline for comparison with above-standard design. rating. Calculate the baseline building performance according to Appendix G of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1–2007 (with errata but without addenda1) using a computer simulation model for the whole building project. Projects outside the U.S. may use a USGBC approved equivalent standard2. The minimum energy cost savings percentage for each point threshold is as follows:
All building energy uses associated with the project must be included in the energy simulation model. Improvements to process loads must be documented as described below. Nonprocess energy systems include HVAC (heating, cooling, fans, and pumps), service water heating, and lighting. Process loads for retail may include refrigeration equipment, cooking and food preparation, clothes washing, and other major support appliances. Merchandise for sale that is plugged in and small movable appliances are not candidates for improved energy performance.
Appendix G of Standard 90.1–2007 requires that the energy analysis done for the building performance rating method include all of the energy costs associated with the building project. To achieve points under this credit, the proposed design must meet the following criteria:
For the purpose of this analysis, process energy is considered to include, but is not limited to, office and general miscellaneous equipment, computers, elevators and escalators, kitchen cooking and refrigeration, laundry washing and drying, lighting exempt from the lighting power allowance (e.g., lighting integral to medical equipment), and other (e.g., waterfall pumps).
Regulated (nonprocess) energy includes lighting (for the interior, parking garage, surface parking, façade, building grounds, etc., except as noted above), heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) (for space heating, space cooling, fans, pumps, toilet exhaust, parking garage ventilation, etc.), and service water heating (for domestic or space heating purposes).
For this credit, process loads must be identical both for the baseline building performance rating and for the proposed building performance rating. However, project teams may follow the exceptional calculation method (ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1–2007, G2.5) or USGBC approved equivalent to document measures that reduce process loads.
Documentation of process load energy savings must include a list of the assumptions made for both the base and the proposed design, and theoretical or empirical information supporting these assumptions.
Projects in California may use Title 24–2005, Part 6, in place of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1–2007 for Option 1.
Many of the industry standard baseline conditions for commercial kitchen equipment and refrigeration have been defined in Tables 1–4. No additional documentation is necessary to substantiate these predefined baseline systems as industry standard.
For process loads, provide cutsheets or other documentation demonstrating proposed equipment and budget equipment not covered in Tables 1–4. A clear baseline must be described and documented to compare proposed improvements in process load categories. The baseline and design must be documented in the following ways:
To establish the baseline and design conditions for the energy cost budget, use Tables 1 and 2.
Comply with the prescriptive measures of the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Retail Buildings 2006.
Project teams must fully comply with all applicable criteria as established in the Advanced Energy Design Guide for the climate zoneOne of five climatically distinct areas, defined by long-term weather conditions which affect the heating and cooling loads in buildings. The zones were determined according to the 45-year average (1931-1975) of the annual heating and cooling degree-days (base 65 degrees Fahrenheit). An individual building was assigned to a climate zone according to the 45-year average annual degree-days for its National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Division. in which the building is located. Projects outside the U.S. may use ASHRAE/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 Appendices B and D to determine the appropriate climate zone.
The building must meet the following requirements:
Projects must comply with the prescriptive measures on Tables 1–4 for 90% of total energy consumption for all process equipment.
Comply with the prescriptive measures identified in the Advanced Buildings™ Core Performance™ Guide developed by the New Buildings Institute. The building must meet the following requirements:
Points achieved under Option 3 (1 point):
Projects outside the U.S. may use ASHRAE/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 Appendices B and D to determine the appropriate climate zone.
Projects must comply with the prescriptive measures in Tables 1–4 for 90% of total energy consumption for all process equipment.
Chart based on Final Report on Refrigerated Warehouses PG&E (Pacific Gas & Electric) Codes and standards enhancement initiative, February 2007; Analysis of Standards Options for Walk-In Coolers (Refrigerators) and Freezers PG&E (Pacific Gas & Electric) Codes and standards enhancement initiative prepared by Davis Energy Group Energy Solutions, May 2004; and the ASHRAE Refrigeration Handbook 2004.
The following pilot alternative compliance path is available for this credit. See the pilot credit library for more information.
EApc95: Alternative Energy Performance Metric ACP
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