Bikers need wheel benders like a fish needs a bike lock. In LEED v4, bike rack quality is a requirement. Photo Credit – forkergirl, via Flickr, Creative Commons LicenseThat question has been asked under past versions of LEED, and LEED v4 provides an answer. If you're pursuing this credit, plan not only to provide bike storage and changing facilities, but also to ensure that the project is connected to a "bicycle network"—bicycle trails or lanes that connect, within three miles bicycling distance, to at least 10 diverse uses, a school of employment center, or a transit stop.
LEED v4 has rewritten the calculations used to determine the number of bike racks and changing facilities required for projects, and introduced the concepts of short- and long-term bike parking.
Short-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any main entrance. Long-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any functional entryAn entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians.. That allows LEED v4 to provide finer-tuned requirements, as follows.
Whereas LEED 2009 required storage for 5% of all users measured at peak periods, LEED v4 requires only 2.5% coverage with short-term bike parking, while requiring 5% coverage for regular building occupants with long-term parking. In each case, a minimum of four spaces must be provided on all projects.
Rather than requiring changing facilities for 0.5% of full-time equivalentFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 40 hours per week in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per week divided by 40. Multiple shifts are included or excluded depending on the intent and requirements of the credit. (FTEFull-time equivalent (FTE) represents a regular building occupant who spends 8 hours a day (40 hours a week) in the project building. Part-time or overtime occupants have FTE values based on their hours per day divided by 8 (or hours per week divided by 40). Transient Occupants can be reported as either daily totals or as part of the FTE. Residential occupancy should be estimated based on the number and size of units. Core and Shell projects should refer to the default occupancy table in the Reference Guide appendix. All occupant assumptions must be consistent across all credits in all categories.) occupants, as in LEED 2009, LEED v4 requires one onsite shower with changing facility for the first 100 occupants (a 1% rate), and then another for each additional 150 occupants (a 0.7% rate).
Residential projects must provide short-term bicycle storage for at least 2.5% of all peak visitors, and provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 30% of all regular building occupants. There are also minimums: four short-term spaces, and one long-term space per residential unit.
This contrasts with the LEED 2009 requirement of covered storage for 15% of building occupants.
LEED v4 requirements also address the quality of the bike storage itself.
Bicyclists know that all bike racks are not created equal. Beware of “wheel bender” bike racks and other types of bike racks that neither keep the bike supported nor secure the bike effectively. For LEED, bike racks should "reflect best practices in design and installation," according to the LEED Reference Guide.
That typically means supporting the bicycle in at least two places to keep it from falling over, and allowing the owner to lock both the bicycle frame and one or both wheels with a U-lock. The rack must be securely anchored and resistant to cutting, rusting, bending, and other deformation.
BuildingGreen offers guidance and a curated list of how to find quality bike racks.
Short-term bike storage is for visitors staying for a period of two hours or less. Long-term storage is for more than two hours.
In order to comply with this credit, at least four short-term and four long-term spaces are required. If you are unsure about how many visitors will be expected, a good rule of thumb is to use approximately 10% of the FTE.
To promote bicycling and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging utilitarian and recreational physical activity.
Design or locate the project such that a functional entryAn entryway that is designed to be used by pedestrians and is open during regular business hours. This does not include any door that is exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage door that is not designed as an entrance for pedestrians. and/or bicycle storage is within a 200-yard (180-meter) walking distance or bicycling distance of a bicycle network that connects to at least one of the following:
All destinations must be within a 3-mile (4800-meter) bicycling distance of the project boundary.
Planned bicycle trails or lanes may be counted if they are fully funded by the date of the certificate of occupancy and are scheduled for completion within one year of that date.
Provide two short-term bicycle storage spaces for every 5,000 square feet (465 square meters), but no fewer than two storage spaces per tenant spaceTenant space is the area within the LEED project boundary. For more information on what can and must be in the LEED project boundary see the Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) and LEED 2009 MPR Supplemental Guidance. Note: tenant space is the same as project space..
Provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 5% of regular building occupants, but no fewer than two storage spaces per building in addition to the short-term bicycle storage spaces.
Short-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any main entrance. Long-term bicycle storage must be within 100 feet (30 meters) walking distance of any functional entry.
Bicycle storage capacity may not be double-counted: storage that is fully allocated to the occupants of nonproject facilities cannot also serve project occupants.
Provide a bicycle maintenance program for employees or bicycle route assistance for employees and customers. Route assistance must be provided in a manner easily accessible to both employees and customers.
For projects that are part of a master plan development only If bicycle storage has been provided by the development in which the project is located, determine the number of spaces that may be attributed to the project by dividing the floor area of the retail project by the total floor area of the development (buildings only) and multiplying the percentage result by the total number of spaces. If this number does not meet the credit requirement, the project must provide additional bicycle storage.
Hi, I am working on a store located on the groung floor of a mall. This store has a room on the first floor (accessible by stairway) with a sufficient area to store two bicyle, can we consider this room as a long-term bicycle storage?
About the bicycle maintenance program for employees, does anyone have an idea of what content is intented?
Hi Valentin, yes but if others can access this area too, it could get tricky demonstrating there is enough bike parking for those outside of your LEED project. Perhaps you can isolate it in some way?
Page 106 of the Reference Guide has more information regarding the bicycle maintenance program: "Examples of maintenance programs include coupons for yearly bicycle tune-ups for those who ride to work or on-site supplies for basic self-repairs (e.g., tire pumps, patch kits, basic tools). Examples of route assistance include a map identifying bicycle routes to the project site, posted online and in a location on the property that is easily accessible to employees and customers."
I am working on a store located on the ground floor of a mall where the only space for long-term storage bicycle is a room located in the upper floor (accessible by the stairway with sufficient floor area). Question: Can we consider this room as long-term bicycle storage?
Concerning the bicycle maintenance program, does anyone has an idea of what kind of approach it is?
Hi Guillaume, The Reference Guide defines long term parking as "bicycle parking that is easily accessible to residents and employees and covered to protect bicycles from rain and snow." Technically the upper floor is within the same building as your project so I would think you could argue it also meets the distance requirement. Seems reasonable to use this as long term bike parking, assuming you can designate it for that and explain why that location is the only option. I would be careful, though, that if other employees outside of your project have access to the bike parking, then you will need to incorporate their use into your calculations which can get very tricky.
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