Schools–NC-v4 LTc8: Green vehicles

  • Invest in green vehicle use

    This credit goes beyond assigning parking spaces for green vehicle, i.e., low-emitting and fuel-efficient cars. Although that is one component, teams must also install alternative-fuel stations onsite in order to earn the credit.

    Alternative-fuel stations can be electric vehicle charging stations, liquid or gas alternative fueling stations, or a battery switching station that is capable of servicing multiple vehicles each day. 

    For projects that provide lots of parking, this credit should be straightforward to implement. It may be more difficult for projects with limited parking to carve out space for preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. For employee parking, it refers to the spots that are closest to the entrance used by employees. and fueling stations.

    What’s New in LEED v4

    New Construction, Core and Shell, Data Centers, Hospitality, Retail, Healthcare

    • LEED now uses the term “green vehicles” instead of “low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehiclesFuel-efficient vehicles have achieved a minimum green score of 40 according to the annual vehicle-rating guide of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy..”
    • Options 1 and 2 now require that green vehicle and alternative-fuel refueling stations have priority parking for all projects.
    • USGBC requires that electrical connectors must adhere to SAE Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice J1772, SAE Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler or an equivalent regional or local standard and be capable of dynamic interaction with the utility grid.
    • The minimum ACEEE green classification score for fuel-efficient vehicles has been raised to 45.
    • The requirement for alternative-fuel refueling stations has been reduced to 2% of the total parking capacity.
    • LEED no longer includes credits for providing green vehicles or a car-sharing program to building occupants.

    LEED for Schools

    • See section above for changes in Option 1.
    • The credit no longer requires a designated carpool drop-off location for green vehicles (previously referred to as “low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles”).
    • Option 2 now requires you to create an implementation plan for NOx and particulate emissions standards for school buses serving the project and a green vehicle designation for non-bus vehicles.

     

    FAQs

    If our garage has multiple levels of parking, how do I select “preferred” spaces?

    LEED defines preferred parking spaces as spaces that are the closest driving distance and the closest walking distance to the entrance of the building. In a multi-level garage, the preferred spaces would be those on the first level (closest driving distance), and those that are located with the best proximity to the building entrance (closest walking distance).

    Can my EV charging stations be used as my preferred spaces for green vehicles?

    No. The LEED Reference Guide makes it clear that EV charging stations must be provided in addition to preferred parking for green vehicles. One space may not be swapped out for the other, they must both be provided together.

    Do the alternative fueling stations need to be in a preferred location?

    No, only the 5% of preferred parking spaces must be in an optimal location for building users. The EV charging stations or other alternative fuel stations may be anywhere onsite. These stations have no location requirements.

    I have occupant and visitor parking in separate areas on our project site. Do the preferred spaces need to be located in the visitor parking as well?

    Yes, the preferred spaces should be distributed through the long-term and short-term parking spaces to ensure occupants and visitors have access to the preferred spaces.  

  • LT Credit 8: Green vehicles

    Intent

    To reduce pollution by promoting alternatives to conventionally fueled automobiles.

    Requirements

    Option 1. Green passenger vehicles

    Designate 5% of all parking spaces used by the project as preferred parkingPreferred parking, available to particular users, includes designated spaces close to the building (aside from designated handicapped spots), designated covered spaces, discounted parking passes, and guaranteed passes in a lottery system. For employee parking, it refers to the spots that are closest to the entrance used by employees. for green vehicles. Clearly identify and enforce for sole use by green vehicles. Distribute preferred parking spaces proportionally among various parking sections (e.g. between short-term and long-term spaces).

    Green vehicles must achieve a minimum green score of 45 on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.) [Europe ACP: Green Vehicles] [South America ACP: Green Vehicles].

    A discounted parking rate of at least 20% for green vehicles is an acceptable substitute for preferred parking spaces. The discounted rate must be publicly posted at the entrance of the parking area and permanently available to every qualifying vehicle.

    In addition to preferred parking for green vehicles, meet one of the following two options for alternative-fuel fueling stations:

    Path 1. Electric vehicle charging

    Install electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in 2% of all parking spaces used by the project. Clearly identify and reserve these spaces for the sole use by plug-in electric vehicles. EVSE parking spaces must be provided in addition to preferred parking spaces for green vehicles.

    The EVSE must:

    • Provide a Level 2 charging capacity (208 – 240 volts) or greater.
    • Comply with the relevant regional or local standard for electrical connectors, such as SAE Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice J1772, SAE Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler or IEC 62196 of the International Electrotechnical Commission for projects outside the U.S.
    • Be networked or internet addressable and be capable of participating in a demand-response program or time-of-use pricing to encourage off-peak charging.

    OR

    Path 2. Liquid, gas, or battery facilities

    Install liquid or gas alternative fuel fueling facilities or a battery switching station capable of refueling a number of vehicles per day equal to at least 2% of all parking spaces.

    OR

    Option 2. Green buses and school-owned vehicles

    Develop and implement a plan for every bus serving the school to meet the following emissions standards within seven years of the building certificate of occupancy:

    • nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions of 0.50 grams or less per brake horsepower-hour; and
    • particulate matter emissions of 0.01 grams or less per brake horsepower-hour.

    Emission standards must be met for each bus and not by an average of the entire fleet serving the school.

    Develop and implement a plan for 100% of all other (non-bus) vehicles owned or leased to serve the school to be green vehicles. Green vehicles must achieve a minimum green score of 45 on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S). [Europe ACP: Green Vehicles] [South America ACP: Green Vehicles]

    Alternative Compliance Paths (ACPs)

    Europe ACP: Green Vehicles

    Projects in Europe may use vehicles meeting the Euro 6 limit values of Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007.

    South America ACP: Green Vehicles

    Vehicles in South America may qualify as green vehicles by meeting both of the following conditions:

    1. A score of Four Stars or above from IBAMA (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis - Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources) Nota Verde Program.
    2. An A from INMETRO (Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia - National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology) Brazilian Labeling Program for Vehicles.
    SITES-LEED Equivalency

    This LEED credit (or a component of this credit) has been established as equivalent to a SITES v2 credit or component. For more information on using the equivalency as a substitution in your LEED or SITES project, see this article and guidance document.

1 Comments

0
0
Steven Wychorski
Oct 13 2016
LEEDuser Member
8 Thumbs Up

Number of Parking Spaces for EVSE in v4

Project Location: United States

For v4 Schools, the BD+C Reference guide gives the formula for Alternative Fuel Low-polluting, nongasoline fuels such as electricity, hydrogen, propane, compressed natural gas, liquid natural gas, methanol, and ethanol. Fueling Stations calculation at 2%. But the LTc8 Online form says Parking spaces for EVSE must be at least 3% of total parking capacity. This seems to be a contradiction between the Guide and the Online form. Has there been a correction? Or is it still the 3% auto calculator on the form. Thanks

Post a Reply

Start a new LEED comment thread

Feb 25 2017
Type the characters you see in this picture. (verify using audio)
Type the characters you see in the picture above; if you can't read them, submit the form and a new image will be generated. Not case sensitive.

Copyright 2017 – BuildingGreen, Inc.